Soviet-West European Relations: Recent Trends and Near-Term Prospects
"This report examines key recent developments and trends in Western Europe, with an emphasis on the past two years, as a backdrop to an analysis of present and prospective Soviet relations with the West. It identifies five possible Soviet policy options toward Western Europe in the near and the medium term: (1) continuation of the kind of wedge-driving policy it used during much of 1983; (2) a differentiated policy of better relations with the United States, and cool relations with Western Europe; (3) a policy of defiance toward the West; (4) pursuit of a broad-based neo-detente relationship with both Western Europe and the United States; and (5) a purposefully confrontational policy toward the West. The author suggests that three considerations will be central to the Soviet Union in determining which policy it pursues: (1) the possibility of gaining new concessions from the United States through the continued pursuit of its present policy course; (2) the degree of continued Atlantic Alliance unity over defense and arms control policies; and (3) the electoral prospects of anti-nuclear opposition parties in Western Europe in the late 1980s. In any case, the Soviet Union will not abandon its fundamental objectives in Europe."--Rand Abstracts.
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SOVIET POLICY TOWARD WESTERN EUROPE
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America's Strategic Defense American Andropov anti-INF antinuclear arms control negotiations arms control talks Atlantic Alliance bilateral Bonn Britain British Bundestag Chancellor Kohl concessions countries of Western Craxi cruise missiles December deploy detente relationship discussion dual-track decision economic expanded Federal Republic Foreign Minister Foreign Minister Gromyko future Soviet policy Geneva Genscher German Gorbachev governments of Western Helmut Kohl INF deployments INF issue intermediate-range nuclear forces Italy leader major March medium-range missiles in Europe Moscow near-term neo-detente November November 22 nuclear arms control nuclear weapons policy alternative policy course policy line policy of defiance policy toward Western politburo President Reagan prevent the deployment prospect Republic of Germany scheduled Secretary Shultz short-term Social Democratic Soviet approach Soviet effort Soviet Foreign Soviet interests Soviet leadership Soviet policy Soviet relations Soviet Union Strategic Defense Initiative superpower term tion track U.S.-Soviet Relations United Vogel wedge-driving West European West German West Germany Western Europe Yuri Andropov