Sowing Empire: Landscape and Colonization
Planting and transplanting, seeding and reshaping--the landscaping practices that emerged in the eighteenth century--are inextricable from the contested terrain of empire within which they operated. From the plantations of the "nabobs" to the island gardens of narrative fiction, from William Beckford's estate at Fonthill to Marie Antoinette's ornamented farm, "Sowing Empire considers imperial relandscaping--its patriarchal organization, heterosexual reproduction, and slavery--and how it contributed to the construction of imperial power. At the same time, the book shows how these picturesque landscapes and sugar plantations contained within them the seeds of resistance--how, for instance, slave gardens and the Afro-Caribbean practice of vodou threatened authority and created new possibilities for once again transforming the landscape. In an ambitious work of wide-ranging literary, visual, and historical allusion, Jill H. Casid examines how landscaping functioned in an imperial mode that defined and remade the "heartlands" of nations as well as the contact zones and colonial peripheries in the West and East Indies. Revealing the colonial landscape as far more than an agricultural system--as a means of regulating national, sexual, and gender identities--Casid also traces how the circulation of plants and hybridity influenced agriculture and landscaping on European soil and how colonial contacts materially shaped what we take as "European." Utilizing a wide range of both visual and written sources--maps, literature, and travel writing--this book is interdisciplinary in its methodology and in its scope. "Sowing Empire explores how postcolonial and queer studies can alter art history andvisual studies and, in turn, what close attention to the visual may offer to both postcolonial thcorizing and historically and materially based colonial cultural sudies.
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aesthetic Africa agricultural Anna Seward anti-empire Belley botanical Britain British Cambridge cane Caribbean century cereus claim Clarens colonial grafts colonial landscape colonial plantation cottage countryside Crusoe's cultivation Culture Descriptive Account desire discourse displacement dream eighteenth eighteenth-century empire enclosure England English engraving essay European exotic ferme ornee Figure Fonthill France garden-farm georgic hameau Harewood heterosexual History of Jamaica Ibid imperial landscaping intermixed Ladies Ladies of Llangollen land landscape machine Leasowes Llangollen London Marie Antoinette maroon material Mereville metropole Moreau de Saint-Mery mountains narrative natural novel ornamented farm painting Paris picturesque landscape garden plantation machine planter plants Plas Newydd pleasure poem Ponsonby portrait produced queer Raynal relandscaping repr representation represented reproduced Revolution Robert Dodsley Rousseau Saint-Domingue scape scene Sexing the Cherry sexual Shenstone's slave gardens space sugar plantation sugarcane terrain Tinian tion transformation transplantation trees University Press voyage West Indian West Indies William Beckford William Shenstone