How do learners learn to speak a foreign language? What different approaches have been developed to teach this important skill? Speaking deals with both these questions, providing clear explanations of recent research and developments in methodology. In the final section the author suggests practical ways in which teachers can gain a better understanding of the role of oral classroom activities.
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Differences between speech and writing
Learner strategies of communication
Activities for oral practice
Students production in interaction activities
ability accuracy skills achievement strategies agenda management Applied Linguistics aspects bottle opener Bronchus Brown and Yule classroom Communication games communicative activities Consider conversation develop dialogues difficult discussion drills effect ellipsis English Language evaluation example explicitness expression first-language Firstly foreign language Henry Widdowson hypotaxis important information routines instance interaction activities interaction routines interaction skills interlocutor interview involve kinds knowledge language learning language teaching learners listener Littlewood look Lulu methodology motor-perceptive skills native speakers negotiation of meaning normal oral activities oral interaction oral language oral skills parataxis participants picture practice problems processing conditions produce questionnaire questions recording Rivers and Temperley role cards Second Language Acquisition sentences sequence simulation situations someone speaking speech Stanley story structure suggest talk TASK teacher teacher-fronted topic turn-taking types understanding Unit University of London utterances word yeah