Special Tests for Orthopedic Examination
Slack, 1997 - Physical orthopedic tests - 276 pages
This is a reference for identifying and performing special tests used during an orthopaedic injury examination. It should help students learn to perform thorough injury evaluations and interpret their findings. Over 125 special tests are explained, including indications, contraindications, positive findings, and special considerations for each. It offers a format for locating special tests used for different regions of the body.
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Cranial Nerve Assessment
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90 degrees abducts Action anteriorly asks the subject Chief Function clavicle Cranial Nerve degrees is indicative degrees of flexion Drawer Test examiner applies examiner asks examiner passively flexes examiner places examiner stands examiner's external rotation femur flexed to 90 flexes the subject's forearm glenohumeral joint glenoid labrum grasping the subject's greater trochanter hip flexion humerus involved side ject's knee flexed knees extended Lachman Test lateral epicondyle Leg Raise Test ligament lordosis lying supine medial movement palpated patella pathology pelvis performed places one hand Positive Finding proximal hand radial rectus femoris muscle relaxed rotary instability rotating the tibia scapula seated or standing side Figure side is indicative Special Considerations/Comments special tests stabilized Straight Leg Raise subject is instructed subject is lying subject is seated subject is supine subject lies subject's elbow subject's foot subject's head subject's knee subject's wrist supported side Test Test Positioning tibia ulnar uninvolved valgus varus Voluntary motor control