Progress in Speech Synthesis, Volume 1

Front Cover
Jan P.H. van Santen
Springer Science & Business Media, 1997 - Computers - 598 pages
2 Reviews
For a machine to convert text into sounds that humans can understand as speech requires an enormous range of components, from abstract analysis of discourse structure to synthesis and modulation of the acoustic output. Work in the field is thus inherently interdisciplinary, involving linguistics, computer science, acoustics, and psychology. This collection of articles by leading researchers in each of the fields involved in text-to-speech synthesis provides a picture of recent work in laboratories throughout the world and of the problems and challenges that remain. By providing samples of synthesized speech as well as video demonstrations for several of the synthesizers discussed, the book will also allow the reader to judge what all the work adds up to -- that is, how good is the synthetic speech we can now produce? Topics covered include: > Signal processing and source modeling > Linguistic analysis > Articulatory synthesis and visual speech > Concatenative synthesis and automated segmentation > Prosodic analysis of natural speech > Synthesis of prosody > Evaluation and perception > Systems and applications.
 

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Contents

Synthesizing Allophonic Glottalization
9
TexttoSpeech Synthesis with Dynamic Control of Source
27
Modification of the Aperiodic Component of Speech Signals
41
On the Use of a Sinusoidal Model for Speech Synthesis
57
Section Introduction The Analysis of Text in TexttoSpeech
73
Stephen hard Centre for Speech Technology Research University of Edinburgh
80
AllProsodic Speech Synthesis
91
A Model of Timing for Nonsegmental Phonological Structure
109
TexttoSpeech Alignment Using Markov Models
313
A Dual Track?
327
Automatic Extraction of F0 Control Rules Using
333
Comparing Approaches to Pitch Contour Stylization
348
Generation of Pauses Within the zscore Model
365
Duration Study for the Bell Laboratories Mandarin
383
Synthesizing German Intonation Contours
401
Effect of Speaking Style on Parameters
417

A Complete Linguistic Analysis for an Italian
123
Discourse Structural Constraints on Accent in Narrative
139
Homograph Disambiguation in TexttoSpeech Synthesis
157
Section Introduction Talking Heads in Speech Synthesis
175
Speech Models and Speech Synthesis
185
A Framework for Synthesis of Segments Based
211
Biomechanical and Physiologically Based Speech Modeling
221
Mary E Beckman Ohio State University Department of Linguistics
222
AnalysisSynthesis and Intelligibility of a Talking Face
235
3D Models of the Lips and Jaw for Visual Speech Synthesis
247
Section Introduction Concatenative Synthesis
261
Prosody and the Selection of Source Units
279
Optimal Coupling of Diphones
293
Automatic Speech Segmentation for Concatenative
305
Section Introduction Text and Prosody
431
Computational Extraction of LexicoGrammatical Information
443
Parametric Control of Prosodic Variables by Symbolic Input
459
Prosodic and Intonational Domains in Speech Synthesis
477
Statistical Analysis and Synthesis by
495
Section Introduction Evaluation Inside or Assessment Outside?
513
A Structured Way of Looking at the Performance
519
Evaluation of a TTSSystem Intended for the Synthesis of Names
529
Perception of Synthetic Speech
541
Section Introduction A Brief History of Applications
563
HighQuality MessagetoSpeech Generation in a Practical
575
Index
591
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