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HISTORY AND FUNDAMENTALS OF SPEECH SYNTHESIS
Calculation of the VocalTract Transfer Function for Speech
The Carrier Nature of Speech
36 other sections not shown
acoustic tube amplitude approximately articulatory automatic bandwidths Bell Telephone Laboratories carrier carrier wave characteristics circuit configurations consonants constant contour control signals cross-sectional area curve duration electrical analog elements equations excitation Flanagan formant frequencies fundamental frequency glottal flow glottis impedance input inverse filter Laboratories larynx length linear lips method modulation mouth opening nasal nasal consonants natural noise obtained oscillator output parameters patterns phoneme pitch period position predictor coefficients produced pulse radiation represent resonance rules samples second formant segments shape shown in Fig simulate specified spectral envelope spectrograms spectrum speech analysis speech signal speech sounds speech synthesis speech wave stop consonants subglottal pressure synthesizer synthetic speech technique telegraph tion transfer function transitions transmission unvoiced values variable variations vocal cords vocal tract Vocoder Voder voiced fricatives voiced sounds volume velocity vowel sounds waveform words