Spheres Of Justice: A Defense Of Pluralism And Equality
Basic Books, 2008-08-05 - 364 psl.
The distinguished political philosopher and author of the widely acclaimed Just and Unjust Wars analyzes how society distributes not just wealth and power but other social goods like honor, education, work, free timeeven love.
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argued argument Aristotle boundaries candidates chap choice citizens citizenship claim communal provision complex equality conscript crucial culture decision democracy democratic depend deserve distributive justice distributive spheres dominant economic egalitarian example exchange factory G. D. H. Cole Hence honor human Ibid important individuals John Rawls Karl Marx kibbutz kind kinship labor least limits live Macy's Marx membership ment meritocracy metics monopoly moral office holders parents particular perhaps person philosophical political community political power possible principle Pullman punishment qualified R. H. Tawney radically reasons recognition regard religious require Robert Nozick rule schools self-respect sense shared simple equality simply social contract social meanings society sort sphere of money suggests Theory of Justice things Thomas Hobbes tion tyranny understanding wealth welfare women workers York
19 psl. - In formal terms, complex equality means that no citizen's standing in one sphere or with regard to one social good can be undercut by his standing in some other sphere, with regard to some other good. Thus, citizen X may be chosen over citizen Y for political office, and then the two of them will be unequal in the sphere of politics. But they will not be unequal generally so long as X's office gives him no advantages over Y in any other sphere superior medical care, access to better schools for...