Spoilsports: Understanding and Preventing Sexual Exploitation in Sport

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Routledge, Aug 26, 2002 - Social Science - 304 pages
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Sexual exploitation in sport is a problem that has beset both male and female athletes privately for decades but which has only recently emerged as a public issue. Spoilsports is the first comprehensive review of this issue, integrating pioneering academic research, theoretical perspectives, and practical guidelines for performers, coaches, administrators and policy-makers.
Key topics include:
* 'moral panic'
* children's rights
* masculinity and power
* making and implementing policy
* leadership in sport.
Spoilsports draws extensively on the personal experiences of athletes and those involved in sport. Challenging and controversial, this book represents an important step towards tackling a difficult issue. It is essential reading for coaches, athletes, parents, policy-makers and all those with a personal or professional interest in sport.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Lifting the lid Childrens rights and moral panics
10
a focus for concerns about sexual exploitation
12
The origins of sexual exploitation as an issue in sport
15
the emergence of a social problem
19
Conclusions
24
Mind your language Terms and definitions
25
Coaches or authority figures?
26
Wider applications of the contingency model
146
Time out Managing research and managing myself
148
Situating myself and others
149
Managing myself
152
Maintaining focus
159
Conclusions
160
Policy and prevention
161
Hearsay and heresy Official responses
163

Victims or survivors?
27
Terms of abuse
28
Paedophile or rapist?
34
Grooming
35
Consent and culpability
38
Sexual exploitation and sexual violence
40
Conclusions
42
Knowing out limits Stakeholder research
44
Origins of research on sexual exploitation in sport
45
Research limitations
49
Athletes
53
Coaches and authority figures
68
Patents carers and families
70
Sport organisations
74
Sport scientists
76
The media
77
Theory and understanding
79
Masculinity Resisting the power and the glory
81
Conceptions of power
82
The heterosexual imperative
85
Sexual exploitation and masculinity
86
Female abusers
89
Sexualised subworlds
91
Sport as an exploitative family system
93
Resisting control
95
Conclusions
99
Making sense Theorising and model making
100
A Four Factor Model of sexual abuse
103
A cycle of sexual offending
105
The paedophile and the predator
107
Risk factors for sexual exploitation in sport
113
Stage of imminent achievement
116
A temporal and developmental model of sexual exploitation
118
Conclusions
125
Contingent risks In search of narrative
127
Criminal careers and coaching narratives
128
Propositions about coaching careers and sexual exploitation in sport
132
The contingent nature of sexual exploitation
135
A contingency model of sexual exploitation in sport
136
Accountability and responses of voluntary organisations
164
Locating responsibility
166
State responses
170
Personal responses and whistleblowing
172
Backlash or breakthrough?
182
Conclusions
185
Quality protects Making policy
187
Frameworks for preventing sexual exploitation in sport
189
Policy areas
194
Conclusions
201
Making policy work The art of the possible
203
Recognition and referral
205
Unproven and false allegations
206
Intimate relationships and maintaining safe boundaries
209
Touching
210
Language
211
An open club environment
213
Registers of coaches
214
Telephone helplines
215
Monitoring and evaluation
216
Education and training
219
Advocacy and international initiatives
220
Handling the media
223
Conclusions and challenges
225
Who cares wins Transforming leadership in sport
227
Autonomy and the ethic of care
230
Alternative leadership approaches
232
Swedish golf
233
Conclusions
235
Hope or hopelessness? The values of sport
236
Challenges to sport organisations
237
Challenges to sports researchers
239
Reflections and limitations
240
The end of the beginning
241
Useful web sites
244
Practical resources
249
Bibliography
252
Index
273
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Celia Brackenridge is a visiting professor at the University of Huddersfield and the author of Spoilsports: Understanding and Preventing Sexual Exploitation in Sport.

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