Square-Wave Voltammetry: Theory and Application

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Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 14, 2007 - Science - 201 pages
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Square-wave voltammetry is a technique readily available to every researcher, scientist, engineer and practitioner applying modern electrochemical measurement systems. It is of beneficial use in analytical applications and in fundamental studies of electrode mechanisms. But the optimised exploitation of this technique is only possible for those with a detailed knowledge of signal generation and of the thermodynamics and kinetics involved. This volume, written by three distinguished experts, systematically delivers the complete and in-depth information that enables both researchers and users of square-wave voltammetry to apply this technique effectively. Square-Wave Voltammetry also offers an appendix on mathematical modeling and a chapter on the most important electrode mechanisms which briefly reviews the underlying theory and numerical formulae intrinsic for simulating experiments with popular software tools , e.g. Mathcad (R).

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Calculations and Instrumentation
6
References
11
Electrode Mechanisms
13
212 Kinetically Controlled Electrode Reaction
17
22 Reactions of Dissolved Species on Spherical Electrodes and Microelectrodes
25
23 Reactions of AmalgamForming Metals on Thin Mercury Film Electrodes
32
232 Anodic Stripping SquareWave Voltammetry of Metal Ions
35
254 TwoStep Surface Electrode Reaction
91
26 MixedElectrode Reactions
97
262 Electrode Reactions Coupled with Adsorption and Chemical Reactions
110
263 Electrode Reactions of Insoluble Salts
121
27 SquareWave Voltammetry Applied to ThinLayer Cell
130
References
139
Applications
143
32 Qualitative Identification of Phases
149

24 Chemical Reactions Coupled to Electrode Reactions
39
241 CE Mechanism
40
242 EC Mechanism
45
243 ECE Mechanism
49
244 EC Catalytic Mechanism
54
25 Surface Electrode Reactions
60
252 Surface Electrode Reaction Involving Interactions Between Immobilized Species
77
253 Surface Electrode Reactions Coupled with Chemical Reactions
81
33 Mechanistic and Kinetic Studies
150
References
157
SquareWave Voltammetry at LiquidLiquid Interface
163
42 Analyzing the Kinetics of the Ion Transfer Across LiquidLiquid Interface with ThinFilm Electrodes
169
References
177
Mathematical Modeling of Electrode Reaction in a ThinLayer Cell with the Modified StepFunction Method
179
References
185
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