Stages of Thought: The Co-evolution of Religious Thought and Science
Oxford University Press, 2009 - 334 páginas
In Stages of Thought, Michael Barnes examines a pattern of cognitive development that has evolved over thousands of years--a pattern manifest in both science and religion. He describes how the major world cultures built upon our natural human language skills to add literacy, logic, and, now, a highly critical self-awareness. In tracing the histories of both scientific and religious thought, Barnes shows why we think the way that we do today.
Although religious and scientific modes of thought are often portrayed as contradictory-one is highly rational while the other appeals to tradition and faith-Barnes argues that they evolved together and are actually complementary. Using the developmental thought of Piaget, he argues that cultures develop like individuals in that both learn easier cognitive skills first and master the harder ones later. This is especially true, says Barnes, because the harder ones often require first the creation of cognitive technology like writing or formal logic as well as the creation of social institutions that teach and sustain those skills. Barnes goes on to delineate the successive stages of the co-evolution of religious and scientific thought in the West, from the preliterate cultures of antiquity up to the present time. Along the way, he covers topics such as the impact of literacy on human modes of thought; the development of formalized logic and philosophical reflections; the emergence of an explicitly rational science; the birth of formal theologies; and, more recently, the growth of modern empirical science.
This groundbreaking book offers a thorough and persuasive argument in favor of the development of modes of thought across cultures. It will serve as an invaluable resource for historians of religion, philosophers and historians of science, and anyone interested in the relationship between religion and science.
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1 Culture and Cognition
2 Addressing the Critics
3 Cognitive Styles in Primitive Cultures
4 Archaic Thought Preliterate and Literate
5 The Axial Age and the Classical Style of Thought
6 Philosophy Religion and Science in Western Antiquity
7 The Decline and Recovery of Classical Rationality in the West
Otras ediciones - Ver todo
Stages of Thought: The Co-Evolution of Religious Thought and Science
Michael Horace Barnes
Vista previa restringida - 2000
analysis ancient ancient Greece archaic argued arguments Aristotle aspects axial age basic Bernard Lonergan Cambridge Carvaka century BCE chapter China Christian claims classical cognitive development cognitive style coherence complex concrete operational thought critical cultural development cultural evolution Descartes divine early empirical Epicurus evidence experience formal operational thought God's gods Hallpike hermeticism human Ibid ideas India individual intelligibility interpretation knowledge Kuhn language literacy logical Lucien Lévy-Bruhl magic major mind miracles Mircea Eliade modern science modes of thought Mohists moral myths nature Neoplatonic nonetheless patterns perhaps person philosophy Piaget Piagetian postmodern preoperational primitive cultures primitive thought rational reality reliable religion religious beliefs religious thought Samkhya says scientific sense Sextus Empiricus Shweder skepticism social society soul spirits stages Stoics stories style of thought Taoism testing theology things thinking thought styles tion tive tradition trans true truth truth-claims ultimate University Press valid York