State, Community, and Local Development in Nigeria, Volumes 23-336

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World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1996 - Social Science - 55 pages
Environmentally Sustainable Development Proceedings Series No. 10. Presents the proceedings of the World Bank's Third Annual Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development, held in October 1995. The conference included roundtable discussions, a variety of speakers, and associated conferences and events co-sponsored by nongovernmental organizations and other institutions.
 

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Contents

VI
1
VII
4
IX
5
XI
6
XII
7
XIII
9
XIV
10
XV
11
XX
23
XXI
29
XXII
31
XXIII
33
XXIV
34
XXV
37
XXVI
39
XXVII
51

XVI
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XVII
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XIX
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Page 3 - If physical capital is wholly tangible, being embodied in observable material form, and human capital is less tangible, being embodied in the skills and knowledge acquired by an individual, social capital is less tangible yet, for it exists in the relations among persons. Just as physical capital and human capital facilitate productive activity, social capital does as well.
Page 3 - Just as physical capital and human capital facilitate productive activity, social capital does as well. For example, a group within which there is extensive trustworthiness and extensive trust is able to accomplish much more than a comparable group without that trustworthiness and trust. (Coleman
Page 32 - For them, community describes not just what they have as fellow citizens, but also what they are, not a relationship they choose
Page 35 - itself and on the incentives that encourage the active participation of others. All public goods and services are potentially produced by the regular producer and by those who are frequently referred to as the client. The term "client" is a passive term. Clients are acted upon Coproduction implies that citizens can play an active role in producing public goods and services of consequence to them.
Page 35 - inputs used to produce a good or service are contributed by individuals who are not 'in
Page 2 - the structural and functional disconnect between informal, indigenous institutions rooted in the region's history and culture, and formal institutions mostly transplanted from outside.
Page 35 - regular' producer of education, health, or infrastructure services is most frequently a government agency. Whether the regular producer is the only producer of these goods and services depends both on the nature of the good or
Page 33 - to reward friends, to co-opt potential and actual political opponents, to satisfy local and regional allies, and to deal with
Page 34 - benefit at the expense of others. These are key features of outcomes which the voluntaristic and marginalist approach cannot explain. Explaining them requires political, not economic analysis
Page 1 - components aimed at strengthening institutions feature in a high proportion of Bankfinanced operations, and the approaches used in them are very diverse, many of