State DOT Outsourcing and Private-sector Utilization
This report will be of interest to state departments of transportation (DOTs), as well as to other transportation professionals and the public who seek to leverage their work forces by outsourcing key activities. The report examines the current practices in outsourcing, what decisions are involved in deciding when to outsource, procuring and administering outsourced services, what are the most commonly outsourced activities, and determining the effectiveness of outsourcing. This report is an update of NCHRP Synthesis 246: Outsourcing of State Highway Facilities and Services, which provided a comprehensive look at the status of outsourcing as it existed in 1997, and the data compiled for this synthesis are compared with the data of the earlier synthesis, where appropriate. The information for this effort was derived in part from a survey questionnaire distributed to all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Replies to the survey came from 38 states and the District of Columbia. Information was also derived from a review of the relevant literature, which focused primarily on the engineering and design elements outsourced by state DOTs.
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I0 CHAPTER THREE CURRENT PRACTICES IN OUTSOURCING HIGHWAY
I7 CHAPTER FIVE PROCURING AND ADMINISTERING OUTSOURCED SERVICES
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activities outsourced activity being outsourced agency amount of outsourcing beneﬁts conceming Construction consultant contract COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH cost comparison cost-effectiveness decision to outsource deﬁned Design activity group design/build DOTs outsource engineering/design expertise Federal Highway Administration ﬁnancing ﬁndings ﬁrms ﬁrst Highway Administration Highway and Transportation Highway Research Program in-house included increase ity groups level of outsourcing National Academy National Research Council NCDOT NCHRP Synthesis 246 North Dakota Notes Ofﬁcials Operations outsource this activity outsourced services outsourcing engineering services payment method prequaliﬁcation private sector procurement public—private partnerships reasons for outsourcing reﬂects Right-of-Way satisﬁed seven activity groups signiﬁcant skills or equipment sourcing engineering South Carolina specialty skills speciﬁc staff constraints stafﬁng survey responses TABLE tion tivities toll roads Total Activities Trafﬁc signs Transportation Research Board trends type of contractor U.S. DOT unit price Witheford X X X Y Y Y Y Y Y