State, Democracy, and the Military: Turkey in the 1980s

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Metin Heper, Ahmet Evin
Walter de Gruyter, Oct 18, 2011 - Business & Economics - 276 pages
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Contents

3 Aftermath of the 1960 Intervention
141
The Takeover of 1971
147
Characteristics of the 1980 Takeover
148
Outlook for the Future
155
The Military Perspective
159
2 Legacies Plans and Proposals
160
3 The Military and the Politicians 19801983
166
4 SummingUp
174

Part II Political Structure
37
Changes and Continuities
46
2 The Turnover of Seats in the Turkish Grand National Assembly
49
3 Unruly Legislative Behavior in the TGNA
51
4 Unruly Legislative Behavior and Political Attitudes
54
5 Political Career Patterns and Professionalization
58
6 Executive Legislative Relations
61
Part III Political Processes and Political Actors
63
3 Characteristics of Turkish Political Parties
64
4 Characteristics of the Party System
66
5 Restructuring of the Party System
68
6 New Parties and the Party System
73
7 PostElection Party Politics
76
8 The Transformation of the Post1983 Party System
77
Continuity or Change in Voting Patterns?
81
2 Maladies of the Party System
84
3 Measuring Post1961 Partisan Structure
90
Reinstatement or Reform?
94
5 Developments Since the Elections of 1983
100
Continuity and Change
103
2 The 1983 Grand National Assembly
105
3 Conclusion
114
Chapter 9 The State Politics and Religion in Turkey
119
2 Religion and the State in Turkey
121
3 Development of Democratic Politics
123
4 Intervention of the Military
126
5 Growth of the Influence of Islam
130
6 Conclusion
135
Part IV The Military the State and Politics
137
Guardians or DecisionMakers?
177
2 Importance of the Military
178
3 Trends
180
4 The 1960 Precedent
182
Way Station to 1980
185
The Generals Intervention
189
7 Remaking the System
193
8 Transition Turbulence
197
9 Outlook
198
Part V The State and Democracy
201
2 Military Intervention in 1980
203
3 The 1982 Constitution
208
4 Changes Shown by 1980 Intervention
211
Comparisons Between the Weimar Republic France 1958 and Turkey 1982
215
2 Weimar Republic
216
3 France
221
4 Turkey
227
5 Some Comparisons
232
Turkeys Experience in Historical and Comparative Perspective
239
2 Modernization in Turkey
241
3 Turkeys Difficulties with Democracy
242
4 Influence of Atatürk
243
5 Political Parties and Living Conditions in Turkey
245
6 Post1983 Reform
246
Chapter 16 Conclusion
249
Selected Bibliography
259
Contributors
263
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