State and Business in Modern Turkey: A Comparative Study
This book analyzes the factors that shape business activity in Republican Turkey and examines the presence of some of these factors in other societies with highly different cultures and histories. Bugra's premise is that neither the institutional framework nor the behavioral regularities of a market economy emerge spontaneously following principles of a universally rational behavior. Rather, these reflect societal characteristics to be shaped by policy measures that ensure the smooth functioning of the market mechanism.
The author investigates the sociopolitical context of Turkish entrepreneurship by looking at the development of the private sector in the Republican period; policy process under successive Republican governments; socially defined features of the holding company, the typical big-business unit; and the nature of business associations in Turkey. Her analysis is relevant both to the study of business organization and to the study of structural change in late-industrializing countries and former socialist societies where the shortcomings of standard economic approaches are clear.
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Introduction StateBusiness Relations in Theory and Society
Private Business in Turkey Past and Present
Political Context of Business Activity
The Turkish Holding Company As a Social Institution
Business Associations in Turkey
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activity diversification analysis Ankara appears attitude autobiography Bank Bezmen family big business big businessmen Bilen bureaucratic business activity business associations business class business environment capital chaebol Chamber of Industry changes chapter characteristics Commerce concerning constituted corporatism Cumhuriyet decade decisions discussed East Asian economic development economic policy Eczaciba§i Enka entrepreneurs established etatist example export fact factors foreign trade given government authorities Ilmen implementation important individuals intervention interviews investment involved Istanbul Chamber Izmir Karakoyunlu Korean Kuruc largely late-industrializing countries latter ment Milliyet MP government multiactivity firms Muslim nature nomic organization Ottoman Empire owner/manager particular percent planning policy process political position private sector professional manager rent-seeking Republican period role Sabanci Sabanci group Sabanci Holding Sakip Sabanci significance social society South Korea state-business relations strategy structure Ticaret tion Turk Turkey Turkish business Turkish businessmen Turkish holding companies TUSIAD uncertainty Vehbi Koc ventures