States and Regions in the European Union: Institutional Adaptation in Germany and Spain

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Cambridge University Press, 2002 - Political Science - 269 pages
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Tanja Brzel argues that the effect of Europeanization on the politics and institutions of the EU's member states depends on the degree of conflict between European and domestic norms and rules. This book examines the relationship between the central state and regions in Germany and Spain, showing how Europeanization has served to weaken the powers of the regions. In both countries, the regions were forced to cooperate more closely with the centre, but the institutional impact in the two countries has been strikingly different. In Germany the existing cooperative Federal system was reinforced, but in Spain the traditional competitive relationship between the levels of government could not continue. Europeanization has led to a significant change in the pattern of Spanish politics, turning rivalry into cooperation. This book thus presents an important analysis of the impact of Europeanization on domestic politics, and on the relationship between states and regions in particular.
 

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Contents

Europeanization and domestic institutional change A historical institutionalist approach
13
Europeanization as a process of institutionalization and institutional change
15
Conceptualizing the domestic impact of Europe Resource dependency versus institutional adaptation
18
The domestic impact of Europe as a process of institutional adaptation
22
The domestic impact of Europe as an institutiondependent process
27
Purposeful but socially constrained
28
Formal and informal rule structures which constitute actors and regulate their behavior
29
Facilitating or prohibiting adaptation?
31
The Comunidades Autonomas fight centralization
107
A new strategy of cooperation and the emergence of institutional change
116
Europeanization or institutional consolidation?
134
Conclusion
148
Sharing versus shifting the costs of adaptation The Europeanization of environmental policymaking in Germany and Spain
151
The blooming of cooperative federalism Institutional adaptation to the Europeanization of environmental policymaking in Germany
153
Joint cooperation and joint nonimplementation
160
Fertilizing cooperative federalism
172

Reinforcing cooperative federalism Institutional adaptation to Europeanization in Germany
43
The Federal Republic of Germany as a model of cooperative federalism
45
Multilateral bargaining and consensusseeking as the dominant institutional culture of German federalism
48
The Lander strategy of cooperation and costsharing
50
The rinascimento of cooperative federalism The impact of Europeanization on the territorial institutions of Germany
53
The Lander strike back
58
Redressing the territorial balance of power through sharing the costs of adaptation
79
The Europeanization of cooperative federalism
85
Conclusion
88
Transforming competitive regionalism Institutional adaptation to Europeanization in Spain
91
The Spanish State of Autonomies as a form of competitive regionalism
93
Bilateralism confrontation and regional competition as the dominant institutional culture of Spanish regionalism
98
The CCAA strategy of confrontation and costshifting
100
Toward a framework of joint decisionmaking The impact of Europeanization on the territorial institutions of Spain
103
The greening of competitive regionalism Institutional adaptation to the Europeanization of environmental policymaking in Spain
178
Confrontation nonimplementation and noncooperation
182
The increasing failure of costshifting in reducing adaptational costs
188
mutual consultation and pragmatic collaboration
192
Europeanization and the emergence of multilateral intergovernmental cooperation
196
Conclusion
209
Toward convergence in Europe?
211
Cooperative regionalism on the rise?
220
Some suggestions for future research
228
Europe of the citizens?
231
The major EU environmental policies of the policy study
234
References
240
Index
265
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