Strategic Science in the Public Interest: Canada's Government Laboratories and Science-based Agencies

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University of Toronto Press, 2007 - Political Science - 235 pages
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The past twenty years have seen considerable shifts and struggles in 'government science' - that is, in the way the state funds, supports, regulates, conducts and uses scientific and technological activity. Focusing on federal labs and agencies, Strategic Science in the Public Interest explores how these labs have been located within, and often buried by, the larger commercially-focused federal innovation agenda.

G. Bruce Doern and Jeffrey S. Kinder examine four labs whose mandates deal with the Alberta oil sands, environmental technologies, wildlife research, and mining and metals, respectively. The authors use these cases to explain why a better middle-level approach to analysis is needed for strategic public interest-centred government science. They illustrate the importance of understanding the variety, as well as the similarity, of federal science and technology labs and agencies, and of instituting policies that reflect this diversity. The growing importance of Related Science Activities (RSA) is also explored, as well as the core trade-offs between commercial and public goods science in their mandates and their internal capacities.

 

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Page 13 - Research and experimental development may be defined as creative work undertaken on a systematic basis to increase the stock of scientific and technical knowledge and to use this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.
Page 7 - Creative work undertaken on a systematic basis to increase the stock of scientific and technical knowledge and to use this stock of knowledge to devise new practical applications.
Page 13 - R&D is defined as any creative systematic activity undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man. culture and society, and the use of this knowledge to devise new applications.
Page 214 - Who Speaks for Astronomy? How astronomers responded to government funding after World War II", Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, Vol.
Page 14 - Related science activities (RSA) is defined as 'activities that complement and extend R&D by contributing to the generation, dissemination, and application of scientific and technological knowledge

About the author (2007)

G. Bruce Doern is a professor in the School of Public Policy and Administration at Carleton University, and the Politics Department at the University of Exeter.

Jeffrey S. Kinder is a Ph.D. candidate in the School of Public Policy and Administration at Carleton University.

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