Strategies to Enhance Environmental Security in Transition Countries

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Ruth N. Hull, Constantin-Horia Barbu, Nadezhda Goncharova
Springer Science & Business Media, May 2, 2007 - Science - 429 pages

It is the goal of environmental security to protect people from the short- and long-term ravages of nature, man-made threats and deterioration of the natural environment. Environmental security includes activities related to pollution prevention, environmental conservation, compliance with regulations and environmental restoration. It is a challenge for transition countries to support all of these activities, due to limited resources, competing priorities and the fact that most environmental regulations, assessment methods and procedures, and restoration techniques were developed in countries where resources were not limited. This volume presents the main environmental security challenges facing transition countries, as well as practical methods and approaches for addressing them. These approaches are equally applicable to all countries. The four basic topics this volume addresses are (I) Introduction to Environmental Security Challenges (II) Strategies, Methods and Approaches for Addressing these Challenges (III) Lessons Learned as Illustrated via Research and Case Studies (IV) Issues Related to Metals in the Environment. The final chapter of the book is a summary of the discussions and working group sessions, entitled "Environmental Security in Transition Countries: Knowledge Gaps, Hurdles and Effective Strategies to Address Them".

 

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Contents

Introduction to environmental security
3
Environmental Security Priority Issues and Challenges in Romania and European Transition Countries
13
Developing highly effective environmental security policies for a sustainable development of the future Case study Romania
25
DSSERAMANIA A decision support system for sitespecific ecological risk assessment of contaminated sites
35
Enhancement of environmental security by mathematical modelling and simulations of processes
47
Application of computer modeling for the analysis and prediction of contaminant behavior in groundwater systems
57
Integrated management strategy for environmental risk reduction at postindustrial areas
69
Industrial ecology in transition countries historical precedent and future prospects
95
Watersheds management TransylvaniaRomania implications risks solutions
225
Water supply emergency for Lake Sevan
239
Sediment biobarriers for chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons in groundwater reaching surface water SEDBARCAH Project
249
Bulgarian nuclear plants strategy and environmental security on the Balkans
262
Role of renewable energy sources in enhancement of environmental and energy security of Belarus
279
Evaluation of radiation risk cytogenetic and molecular markers of lowdose radiation effects
295
Bioindication approach for an assessment of technogenic impact on the environment
315
Management of agriculture buildings to protect animal health and ensure building maintenance
329

Potential of strategic environmental assessment as an instrument for sustainable development of the countries in transition
117
The integrated indicator of sustainable development and policy tools
127
Socioeconomic and communication tools to enhance environmental security a case study in Egypt
135
Senors and communications in environment monitoring systems
152
Teaching and research in environmental microbiologybiotechnology to enhance environmental security in transition and other countries
167
Lessons learned from the north balancing economic development cultural preservation and environmental protection
186
A process for focusing cleanup actions at contaminated sites lessons learned from remote northern sites in Canada
201
Decoupling environmental problems from the overall aspects of political disputes Is it possible? The case of the PM25 project
214
Which human and terrestrial ecological receptors are most at risk from smelter emissions?
340
Integration of metal bioavailability in risk assessment policy decision making
349
Atmospheric heavy metal deposition in Romanis and neighboring countries comparative evaluation on the basis of all European moss monitoring
369
Pollutant uptake on agricultural land practical modeling
387
Plantmicrobe symbiosis for bioremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil perspectives for Belarus
401
Environmental security in transition countries knowledge gaps hurdles and effective strategies to address them
416
Index
425
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