Stress, Coping, and Resiliency in Children and Families

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L. Erlbaum Associates, 1996 - Psychology - 245 pages
Stress is a universal human experience but there has not been a great amount of research on how persons, families, and groups may adapt to it and cope successfully with it. In eight chapters by different authors, this book summarizes that body of research dealing with families and shapes it into a comprehensive body of knowledge. The first two chapters present a theoretical model and a discussion of the problems and opportunities in research in the area. An interesting finding is that girls are more at risk for nonauthoritative aversive parenting when the parents are emotionally under stress. Chapter 3 examines the effects of parenting under stress in the development of behavior problems. There appears to be an interaction so that when children show more problems parental stress is increased, which leads to more problems. Chapter 4 describes how families with effective communication skills support the development of coping skills. Supportive family life decreases the impact of stressful experiences. Intact families tend to show more family support. The Georgia Longitudinal study is reported in Chapter 5. This study supports the importance of the interaction of child characteristics with parenting styles. It is somewhat different than other longitudinal research in finding that family risk factors relate only to internalizing behaviors, not externalizing. Chapters 6 and 7 report on research findings for poor, Afro American, and rural families. The final chapter proposes a model for attentional processes as the basis for encouraging the development of resilience and coping skills to handle stressful life experience.

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Contents

Stress Parenting and Adolescent Psychopathology
39
Family Support Coping and Competence
107
The Timing of Childbearing Family Structure and
155
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About the author (1996)

Is a professor emeritus, department of Psychology, University of Virginia.

Elaine A. Blechman, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Colorado at Boulder
Kelly D. Brownell, PhD, Department of Psychology, Yale University

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