Strong Religion: The Rise of Fundamentalisms Around the World

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University of Chicago Press, Jan 15, 2003 - Religion - 281 pages
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After the September 11 terrorist attacks against the United States, religious fundamentalism has dominated public debate as never before. Policymakers, educators, and the general public all want to know: Why do fundamentalist movements turn violent? Are fundamentalisms a global threat to human rights, security, and democratic forms of government? What is the future of fundamentalism?

To answer questions like these, Strong Religion draws on the results of the Fundamentalism Project, a decade-long interdisciplinary study of antimodernist, antisecular militant religious movements on five continents and within seven world religious traditions. The authors of this study analyze the various social structures, cultural contexts, and political environments in which fundamentalist movements have emerged around the world, from the Islamic Hamas and Hizbullah to the Catholic and Protestant paramilitaries of Northern Ireland, and from the Moral Majority and Christian Coalition of the United States to the Sikh radicals and Hindu nationalists of India. Offering a vividly detailed portrait of the cultures that nourish such movements, Strong Religion opens a much-needed window onto different modes of fundamentalism and identifies the kind of historical events that can trigger them.
 

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Strong religion: the rise of fundamentalisms around the world

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Decades of study here result in what may be the single most cogent sociohistorical analysis of the modern religious phenomenon called fundamentalism. Almond (political science, emeritus, Stanford ... Read full review

Contents

CHAPTER 1 The Enclave Culture
23
Genus and Species
90
Structure Chance and Choice
116
Fundamentalist Movements as Emergent Systems
145
Politics Ethnicity and Fundamentalist Strategies
191
CHAPTER 6 The Prospects of Fundamentalism
220
Appendix to Chapter 2
245
Appendix to Chapter 3
249
Appendix to Chapter 4
253
Notes
255
Index
273
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Page iv - Cortright is a research fellow at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame and president of the Fourth Freedom Forum in Goshen, Indiana.

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About the author (2003)

Gabriel A. Almond is a professor emeritus of political science at Stanford University and the author of numerous works, including Progress and Its Discontents.

R. Scott Appleby is a professor of history and the John M. Regan, Jr., director of the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. He is the author of, among other books, Religious Fundamentalisms and Global Conflict.

Emmanuel Sivan is a professor of history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and author of a number of books, including Interpretations of Islam and Radical Islam.

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