Structural adjustment and the environment

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Westview Press, Aug 20, 1992 - Business & Economics - 209 pages
During the 1980s the World Bank loaned over $28.5 billion for structural adjustment programs in developing countries. Structural Adjustment and the Environment explores the results of these programs and arrives at the disturbing conclusion that structural adjustment lending has failed both to protect the environment and to achieve sustainable development.Drawing on case studies and global analysis, this important book examines the basic philosophy, scope, and objectives of structural adjustment and the ways in which it might contribute to human needs and environmental protection. Concluding that the pursuit of economic growth must be conditioned by environmental objectives, scholars from the World Wide Fund for Nature call for a thorough revision of development policy, including basic institutional change, reforms in lending priorities, and increased democratization of the development process.This is a vital book for activists and scholars in a wide range of disciplines who are concerned with international development and the environment.

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Structural Adjustment Experience of the 1980s
7
Turkey The SAL Testing Ground
14
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

David Reed is director, Macroeconomics Program Office, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF-International) in Washington DC, US; author of Economic Change, Governance and Natural Resource Wealth (2001); and editor of Structural Adjustment, the Environment and Sustainable Development (1996).