Structural adjustment and the environment
During the 1980s the World Bank loaned over $28.5 billion for structural adjustment programs in developing countries. Structural Adjustment and the Environment explores the results of these programs and arrives at the disturbing conclusion that structural adjustment lending has failed both to protect the environment and to achieve sustainable development.Drawing on case studies and global analysis, this important book examines the basic philosophy, scope, and objectives of structural adjustment and the ways in which it might contribute to human needs and environmental protection. Concluding that the pursuit of economic growth must be conditioned by environmental objectives, scholars from the World Wide Fund for Nature call for a thorough revision of development policy, including basic institutional change, reforms in lending priorities, and increased democratization of the development process.This is a vital book for activists and scholars in a wide range of disciplines who are concerned with international development and the environment.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
The Structural Adjustment Experience of the 1980s
Turkey The SAL Testing Ground
11 other sections not shown
Other editions - View all
adjusting countries adjustment lending adjustment loans agricultural agricultural sector alleviate Bank's benefits cassava changes conservation Cote d'lvoire country's debt decline deficit deforestation developing countries distortions economic growth effects efficiency encourage energy prices environment environmental costs environmental damage environmental degradation environmental impacts environmental problems exchange rate expansion export taxes external farmers fiscal forest land forestry government policy failure implementation important improve incentives income distribution increased industrial infrastructure inputs institutional interest rate International Monetary Fund investment land tenure logging long-term maize Maquiladora market failures Mexico monetary natural capital natural resource sector negative oil prices output overall percent political pollution population poverty line pressure promotion protection public sector reduced relative restructuring result rice and rubber rural poverty SALs social soil stabilization structural adjustment policies structural adjustment programs subsidies sustainable development taxes on rice Thailand timber U.S. dollar urban Washington waste World Bank