Structural adjustment programme and food security: hunger and poverty in India
This book is an in-depth analysis of the impact of the Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) in India upon food security (hunger) both in the conventional sense and in terms of Sen's 'entitlement and deprivation thesis', with an attempted extension of the theory, and through hunger, on the environment. The focus is primarily on cuts in subsidy to food and to inputs agriculture, in government investments in agriculture, in credit for the farm sector, and on the increases in food procurement prices engineered by SAP as it affects food security. Inequity in access to land assets and its effects on hunger and increasing unemployment, in the context of the Structural Adjustment Programme, have been examined. Following this, the nexus between hunger and environment, and the issue of increased producer's price margin and environmental measures in the context of agriculture, have been traced. To support conclusions, the experiences of other countries which have structural adjustment measures of the World Bank-IMF variety, with special regard to food security are cited.
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Policy issues that informed Structural Adjustment
A framework for the operation of the programme
A review of literature and review of experience
53 other sections not shown
access food aggregate agricultural commodities agricultural output agricultural production agricultural sector analysis Block cent Chakrata common property resources cultivators decline Dehradun demand devaluation developing countries Doiwala economy effect employment environment environmental estimated expenditure export crops factor farm fertilizer prices fertilizer subsidy food availability food crops food entitlement food output food prices food production food security food subsidy foodgrain production Government of India grains green revolution Haryana higher hunger HYVs important income increase indicates inequality input insecurity investment irrigation labour land large farmers marginal farmers million hectares million tons multicollinearity non-agricultural nutrition off-take percent poor Pradesh price incentives price of food Public Distribution System Punjab rainfall index reduced response coefficients rice rural Sahaspur SAP implementing Singh small and marginal small farmers soil nutrients Structural Adjustment Programme Sugar supply tenants tradable Uttar Pradesh variables villages vis-a-vis wages Washington D.C. wheat World Bank yields