Structure in Architecture: History, Design and Innovation
All buildings must stand. An adequate structure was as necessary for the simplest primitive hut as it is for the tallest or widest-spanning modern building. However, this requirement became more difficult to satisfy as designers became more adventurous and the experience already gained became less directly applicable. The present papers look at the consequent evolution of design methods and the types of understanding that have been essential guides. A particular focus is the question of how earlier innovations, made without the benefits of modern theory, were possible. Other papers look in detail at the most outstanding of these achievements, such as the church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul and the dome of Florence Cathedral.
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The springs of invention revisited 4973
The role of tradition in the development of form in domes
Structural theory and design before 1742 81 109
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aisles analysis apse arcades architect architectural architraves barrel vaults base behavior bricks brickwork BRUNELLESCHI'S DOME building built buttress calculation cathedral centre century circular circumferential collapse Colonnade columns complete compression construction cornice cracks cupola deformations DOME OF ST drawings drum earlier EDDYSTONE LIGHTHOUSE elements evidence exedrae faces Florence Florence Cathedral further geometry Gothic Hagia Sophia horizontal inclined infills inner intuitions iron Istanbul Justinian's later load Louvre main arches main piers Mainstone Maria del Fiore masonry Milan cathedral mortar Mosque narthex nave octagonal Oljeitu original outer outward Pantheon pendentives Plate Poleni possible precise present Procopius radial reconstruction referred reinforcement ribbed vaults ribs ring Roman roof Saalman semidomes shell similar Smeaton soffits span SPRINGS OF STRUCTURAL squinch St Peter's static statically determinate stone strength STRUCTURAL INVENTION STRUCTURAL THEORY surface tension thickness thrusts timber tion transverse tympana upper vertical voussoirs walls weight