Struggle Over the Modern: Purity and Experience in American Art Criticism, 1900-1960
"The most familiar strain of this debate to us today is formalism, which emphasized "purity" in art and culminated in the writing of the influential late modern critic, Clement Greenberg. The other critical position, he contends, is not as familiar to us today, partly because it was so overshadowed by formalist thought in the postwar period. This position emphasized the importance of "experience" over formal purity and is evident in the writing of Greenberg's rival, Harold Rosenberg, as well as in a number of American writers and critics from the first half of the century. Struggle Over the Modern reconstitutes this neglected yet important dimension of the avant-garde debate in American art criticism decade by decade."--Jacket.
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A Split Among the Moderns
The Paradigms Take Shape
The Paradigm Comes of Age I The Social Parameters of Experience
The Paradigm Comes of Age II The Political Parameters of Experience
Formalism as a Minority Position in the 1930s and into the 1940s
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abstract art Abstract Expressionism Abstract Expressionist according to Craven aesthetic American art American Artists American Painting American Scene American Wave anti-formalist Armory Show art criticism art world asserts authentic avant-garde Baigell Barr calls catalogue century Cezanne chapter Clement Greenberg Coady's concept Congress conservative contemporary art Cortissoz creative critical arena critical thought Cubism cultural organicism Dada Dadaist debate decade deterministic Dewey's Dial discourse dominated earlier environment essay European experience experiential paradigm formalism formalist position Forum exhibition Gallery Harold Rosenberg Ibid ideas important individual influence interpretation John Dewey John Reed Clubs kitsch Kootz magazine McBride Meyer Schapiro Modern Art modernist movement Museum of Modern nature organized Pach painter Paris Partisan Review period political postwar present progressive published purity realm Renaissance sense social Soil strategy struggle style stylistic theory Thomas Craven tion Walter Pach Willard Huntington Wright writing York Sun
Page 21 - I think that yesterday was a crisis in my life. I finished the first part of Renouvier's second Essais and see no reason why his definition of free will — 'the sustaining of a thought because I choose to when I might have other thoughts' — need be the definition of an illusion.
Page 21 - the sustaining of a thought because I choose to when I might have other thoughts'— need be the definition of an illusion. At any rate, I will assume for the present— until next year— that it is no illusion. My first act of free will shall be to believe in free will.