Studies in the Methodology of Natural and Social Sciences

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Peter Lang, 2010 - Philosophy - 409 pages
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Studies in the Methodology of Natural and Social Sciences explore from the point of view of philosophy, philosophy of science, methodology and semantics the methods of pretheoretical (empirical) measurement, theory construction, and methods of measurement that are already based on scientific theories. This exploration targets both the natural and the social sciences. In the field of natural sciences, subject to theoretical and metatheoretical analyses are Huygens' experimental and computational methods for determining the acceleration of gravity, the methods of constructing a thermometer, and Newtonian mechanics. With respect to the field of social science, it analyzes Marx's methods of theory construction presented in his work in the area of economics, the methodological approaches employed in David Ricardo's theory of value, sociological Grounded Theory, Rational Choice Theory, and Historical Sociology. A significant attention is given to the philosophical reconstruction of the categories employed in the measurement methods and in the methods of construction of the analyzed theories.
 

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Contents

Introduction
11
Carnap Hempel Popper and Transparent Intensional Logic
17
Experimentation Empirical Knowledge and Measurement
69
Cyclical Method of Theory Construction
93
Cyclical Method of Theory Construction
191
What is Grounded Theory about? Methodological Reflections
269
Beyond the Qualitative Quantitative Divide in
305
Historical Sociology vs Rational Choice Theory
327
Reflections about Metareflections Roy Bhaskar
347
Conclusion
381
References
387
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Igor Hanzel, 1976-1981 study of philosophy and physics at Comenius University, Bratislava (Slovakia); 1983-1987 study of theoretical physics at Comenius University; 1983-1990 Research Fellow at School of Philosophy, Comenius University; 1987 PhD in philosophy of science; since 1990 Associate Professor at Department of Logic and Philosophy of Science, Comenius University; 1992 IREX Fellow at the University of Pittsburgh; 1996-1997 Fulbright Scholar at State University New York, Cortland; 2000-2001 DAAD Fellow at the University of Potsdam (Germany); 2005-2006 Fulbright Scholar in Residence at Loras College, Dubuque, Iowa.

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