Stuttering Therapy: Prevention and Intervention with Children
This volume contains five papers presented at a conference on developmental and environmental factors related to the onset of stuttering, evaluation and treatment procedures, and the measurement of therapy outcomes. In "The Development of Fluency in Normal Children," C. W. Starkweather considers evaluation of the fluency of young speakers. L. A. Nelson, "Language Formulation Related to Disfluency and Stuttering," focuses on the relationships between language developmental factors, disfluency, and language problems of children. In the paper "Speech Motor Processes and Stuttering in Children: A Theoretical and Clinical Perspective," J. M. Hanley sees the child as a communicating, interacting individual who possesses those motoric disruptions labelled as stuttering. "Emotional and Environmental Problems in Stuttering," by D. E. Williams identifies the increasing trend toward investigation of factors within and outside of the child which contribute to increased disfluency. In "Toward a Therapy Assessment Procedure for Treating Stuttering Children," R. J. Ingham considers ways to evaluate the effectiveness of stuttering and speech therapy programs. A sixth paper, "Integration: Present Status and Prospects for the Future" by H. H. Gregory, offers an integration of the main points made in the individual papers and the resultant discussion groups. (CB)
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adults Bloodstein breakdown child child's speech children who stutter clinical clinician coarticulation communicative complexity described developmental discontinuities discussion duration effort emotional environment environmental evaluation factors filled pauses Fluency Disorders fluency problem fluent speech frequency function words grade Hearing Disorders Hearing Research increased disfluency Ingham initial interaction intervals Journal of Speech Kowal laryngeal linguistic listener measures ment movement nonstutterers nonstuttering normally fluent Northwestern University number of syllables observed occur onset parents part-word repetitions pattern perceptions phonation phrases physiological pre-school children preschool procedures produce rate of speech relevant rhythm Riley sample schwa sentences sounds speakers speaking Speech and Hearing speech and language speech disfluencies Speech Disorders speech fluency speech motor speech production system speech rate standard deviations Starkweather strategies stress stut stuttering children Stuttering Therapy syntactic talk tion treatment types unfilled pauses unstressed syllables VanRiper variables verbal voice onset word repetitions Young Stutterers