Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering

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Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2009 - Science - 139 pages
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Scientists and engineers seek to discover and disseminate knowledge so that it can be used to improve the human condition. Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering serves as a valuable aid in this pursuit-it can be used as a textbook for undergraduate or graduate courses on technical communication and ethics, a reference book for senior design courses, or a handbook for young investigators and beginning faculty members. In addition to presenting methods for writing clearly and concisely and improving oral presentations, this compact book provides practical guidelines for preparing theses, dissertations, journal papers for publication, and proposals for research funding. Issues of authorship, peer review, plagiarism, recordkeeping, and copyright are addressed in detail, and case studies of research misconduct are presented to highlight the need for proactive attention to scientific integrity. Ample exercises cause the reader to stop and think. Style and Ethics of Communication in Science and Engineering thus motivates the reader to develop an effective, individual style of communication and a personal commitment to integrity, each of which are essential to success in the workplace.

Table of Contents: Motivation / Writing Well / Scientific Publications / Proposals and Grant Applications / Oral Communication / Authorship / Recordkeeping / Ownership of Ideas, Data, and Publications

 

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Contents

Motivation
1
Writing Well
5
212 Write Freely
7
213 Edit Critically
8
215 Have a Colleague Proofread
9
22 Removing Redundancies and Unnecessary Words
10
23 Active Voice First Person and Different Tenses
15
232 Person
19
Oral Communication
77
52 The 15Minute Presentation
82
53 Summary
84
Authorship
85
62 Basic Convention
86
622 Submission Agreement
87
63 Common Problems
88
632 Gift Guest and Ghost Authorship
89

233 Tense
21
24 Infinitives and Modifiers
22
242 Modifiers
23
25 Additional Issues of Word Choice
26
26 Punctuation Abbreviations and Foreign Languages
30
262 Abbreviations
32
263 Foreign Languages
33
27 Footnotes Quotations and Proper Citation
35
273 Proper Citation
36
29 Closure
40
Scientific Publications
41
311 Cover Page and Letter to Editor
42
312 Results
44
313 Methods or Materials and Methods
45
314 Discussion and Conclusion
47
315 Introduction
48
316 Abstract
49
318 Appendices
50
3110 figures and Tables
52
32 Publishing an Archival Journal Paper
53
322 Composition and Authorship
54
324 Revision
56
325 Typesetting Galley Proofs and Proofreader Marks
57
326 Copyright Permissions and Page Charges
58
33 Thesis or Dissertation
59
34 Technical Reports
61
Proposals and grant Applications
63
43 The Review Process
64
44 The NIH RO1 Grant
67
441 Specific Aims
68
443 Preliminary Results
69
444 Research Plan
70
445 References
72
45 The Proposal
73
46 Summary
74
Appendix
76
633 Financial Support
91
635 Students and Technicians
92
64 Current Standards and Emerging Ideas
93
642 Author Notification
94
643 Specifying Contributions
95
644 Quantifying Contributions
96
651 Authorship Criteria
97
654 Default Position for Abstracts
98
Recordkeeping
99
72 Why Keep Records?
102
721 Medical Records
103
722 Industry Research Records
104
73 Electronic Data
105
731 DateStamps TimeStamps and Backup Systems
106
Fabrication and Falsification
107
741 Retaining or Discarding Data
108
742 Image Manipulation
109
743 Statistical and Image Forensics
110
Ownership of Ideas Data and Publications
111
81 Data and Resources Sharing
112
812 Model Organisms
113
82 Copyright
114
821 Online Publishing
115
83 Patents
118
831 Patents and Publicly Funded Research
119
832 Patents and Publication
120
84 Plagiarism
121
841 Attribution Within a Research Group
122
842 Citation
123
85 Peer Review
124
852 Grants
126
References
129
Author Biography
131
Index
133
Copyright

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