Summary of Executive Orders in Times of War and National Emergency: A Working Paper
United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee on National Emergencies and Delegated Emergency Powers
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974 - Executive orders - 69 pages
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action Administration agencies amended appear applicability approved August authority Based Board chapter cite Civil classified Code of Federal codification Committee compilation concerned Congress congressional Constitution contained copies Court dated December decisions delegated Department designated Director distribution documents effect emergency Emergency Powers established example Executive Orders Executive Orders issued exercise existing expressed Federal Register Act Federal Regulations filing foreign functions given Government grants HISTORICAL House importance included January June Justice land Large later legislative Library limited March matter means national emergency NOTES notice number of Executive October Office Orders and Proclamations original prescribed President Presidential printed prior procedures Proclamations and Executive proposed published Records referred regulations relating repealed REVISION Roosevelt Secretary served Service signed Special Committee specific Stat statutes tion transferred United vested volumes
Page 35 - In the framework of our Constitution, the President's power to see that the laws are faithfully executed refutes the idea that he is to be a lawmaker. The Constitution limits his functions in the lawmaking process to the recommending of laws he thinks wise and the vetoing of laws he thinks bad.
Page 53 - Proclamations calling for the observance of special days or events. Except as may be otherwise provided by law, responsibility for the preparation and presentation of proposed proclamations calling for the observance of special days, or other periods of time, or events shall be assigned by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget [now Office of Management and Budget] to such agencies as he may consider appropriate.
Page 7 - The power to make the necessary laws is in Congress ; the power to execute in the President. Both powers imply many subordinate and auxiliary powers. Each includes all authorities essential to its due exercise. But neither can the President, in war more than in peace, intrude upon the proper authority of Congress, nor Congress upon the proper authority of the President.
Page 51 - person " means any individual, partnership, association, or corporation. SEC. 5. (a) There shall be published in the Federal Register (1) all Presidential proclamations and Executive orders, except such as have no general applicability and legal effect or are effective only against Federal agencies or persons in their capacity as officers, agents, or employees thereof...
Page 53 - USC 312), nothing in this order shall be construed to apply to treaties, conventions, protocols, or other international agreements, or proclamations thereof by the President. SEC. 6. Definition. The term "Presidential proclamations and Executive orders...
Page 56 - Register and any other expenses incurred by the Government Printing Office in carrying out the duties placed upon it by this...
Page 53 - Is free from typographical or clerical errors, the Director of the Office of the Federal Register shall transmit it and three copies thereof to the President. (e) If the proposed Executive order or proclamation Is disapproved by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget...
Page 37 - Whether those procedures under the circumstances comport with the Constitution we do not decide. Nor do we decide whether the President has inherent authority to create such a program, whether congressional action is necessary, or what the limits on executive or legislative authority may be. We decide only that in the absence of explicit authorization from either the President or Congress the respondents were not empowered to deprive petitioner of his job in a proceeding in which he was not afforded...
Page 35 - My belief was that it was not only his right but his duty to do anything that the needs of the Nation demanded unless such action was forbidden by the Constitution or by the laws. Under this interpretation of executive power...
Page 6 - The legality of an Executive Order is most certain when it is based solely on a specific congressional delegation of authority. In such cases, the Presidential order is regarded as of equal validity with the Act itself and has "the force and effect of law.