Superfund and the Brownfields Issue
The Superfund program is the principal federal effort for cleaning up hazardous waste sites and protecting public health and the environment from releases of hazardous substances. The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) established the program, and the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorisation Act of 1986 (SARA) amended it. This book includes data and other pertinent information about CERCLA and the Superfund program, followed by a glossary. EPA defines brownfields as abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination. FY1997 was the first year brownfields became a separate budgetary line item, at $37.7 million. For FY2000 the appropriation was $91.7 million. In the FY2001 budget, the Administration requested and was appropriated $91.6 million. The 106th Congress extended the brownfields cleanup tax incentive to December 31, 2003, and expanded it to make all brownfields certified by a state environmental agency eligible for tax break. Other brownfields bills introduced in the Congress appeared to confirm the general direction EPA has taken. Two Superfund reauthorisation bills were reported in the House, each of which contained a title on brownfields. The history, background and operations of the brownfields are described.
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Superfiind and the Brownfields Issue 1
Brownfields and Superfund Issues in Congress
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106th Congress Administration amended ATSDR authority awarded brownfield assessment brownfield sites brownfields cleanup brownfields program Brownfields Redevelopment Brownfields Revitalization CERCLA clean cleanup activities cleanup standards Comprehensive Environmental Response Congressional Research Service Construction Completion contaminated land contaminated sites December 31 defined by CERCLA Economic Development eligible enacted end of FY enforcement environment environmental income tax Environmental Law Institute estimated federal agencies federal facilities grants ground water H.Rept hazardous waste sites Ibid January 28 legal expenses legislation lenders Liability Relief micromis minimis parties National Priorities List natural resource damages non-federal sites NPL sites ombudsman OSWER owners potentially hazardous sites provides PRPs Reauthorization Act referred to Committee remedial action request response actions responsible parties revenues revolving loan funds Senate September 29 Service with data settlements Showcase Communities Solid Waste Superfund appropriation Superfund program Superfund sites Superfund Trust Fund tax break Transportation and Infrastructure U.S. EPA voluntary cleanup programs