Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies

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Oxford University Press, 2014 - Computers - 328 pages
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The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence.
 

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Intelligence spawns upon intelligence...
Strategic analysis about the thorough review of artificial intelligence, and how an intelligence agency can gain the decisive strategic advantage in the
digital age. Neuromorphic artificial intelligence will constitute the human cross over to advanced intelligence. Therefore, the existence of intelligence precedes the essence of what is to be countered, by which the competition for an artificial intelligence such as a singleton to advanced AI has reached a crescendo into the intelligence explosion in the technetronic age. However, to gain the decisive strategic advantage in a politically awakened digital system is complex by its design and nature that is otherwise knowledge of our self in the age of artificial intelligence.
Artificial intelligence will shape the future of National Security. The U.S. Intelligence Community should focus on artificial intelligence in counter intelligence designs and methodologies to the anthropomorphic transition to artificial intelligence. It should also be noted that this is the last age of human intelligence prior to neuromorphic AI and neo-digital-sapiens.
 

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Contents

1 Past developments and present capabilities
1
2 Paths to superintelligence
22
3 Forms of superintelligence
52
4 The kinetics of an intelligence explosion
62
5 Decisive strategic advantage
78
6 Cognitive superpowers
91
7 The superintelligent will
105
8 Is the default outcome doom?
115
11 Multipolar scenarios
159
12 Acquiring values
185
13 Choosing the criteria for choosing
209
14 The strategic picture
228
15 Crunch time
255
Notes
261
Bibliography
305
index
325

9 The control problem
127
10 Oracles genies sovereigns tools
145

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About the author (2014)

Nick Bostrom is Professor in the Faculty of Philosophy at Oxford University and founding Director of the Future of Humanity Institute and of the Programme on the Impacts of Future Technology within the Oxford Martin School. He is the author of some 200 publications, including Anthropic Bias(Routledge, 2002), Global Catastrophic Risks (ed., OUP, 2008), and Human Enhancement (ed., OUP, 2009), and a forthcoming book on Superintelligence. He previously taught at Yale, and he was a Postdoctoral Fellow of the British Academy. Bostrom has a background in physics, computational neuroscience,and mathematical logic as well as philosophy.

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