Sustainable Operations and Closed-Loop Supply Chains
This book was written for any company or organization that needs detailed guidance on the journey towards sustainability, starting from zero. And if your firm wants to be sustainable, you know you have to consider the triple bottom line when making decisions: economic (profit), environmental (planet), and social (people). By focusing on the triple bottom line (3Ps), your firm can be assured of a steady supply of inputs such as raw materials and labor. Author Souza carefully explains the first step towards sustainability, which is aimed at reducing waste in operations, with the help of such tools as lean and Six Sigma. He will also help guide your firm through a “life cycle assessment” (LCA) for each of the main products and processes. LCA is a methodology designed to assess the environmental impact (such as energy consumption, and toxicity) of a product or process through its life cycle: raw material extraction, transportation, manufacturing, packaging and distribution, use by consumers, and end-of-life. The final step in the journey towards sustainability is to close the loop. To close the loop, you’ll learn about designing efficient packaging, designing products for multiple life cycles (as in design for remanufacturing), or designing products according to a Cradle to CradleŽ philosophy, which ensures no use of toxic materials, ease of disassembly, and 100% up-cyclability. The book concludes with the “final P” of sustainability—people, with some examples of firms that invest heavily in the social bottom line.
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Lean and SixSigma
EcoEfficiency and Metrics
Design for the Environment DfE
Servitization and Leasing
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accessed addition aluminum amount assessed carbon footprint carpet cartridges cell phones chapter Closed-Loop Supply Chains CLSC collection and recycling components considering Cradle-to-Cradle Credit Cummins customers cycle Cycle Assessment depreciation design for remanufacturing designing products disassembly discussed e-waste eco-efficiency electricity electronic emissions end-of-life energy consumption environmental impact example Fairtrade Fairtrade certification Figure firm firm’s global warming potential green buildings greenhouse guidelines implementation industries inventory landfills layout lean LEED certification lessor machine materials choice module OEMs operating leases organic packaging Pitney Bowes plant raw material extraction recycling recycling costs recycling targets reduce remanufactured engines remanufactured products requirements retailers reuse Scope selling significant six-sigma SmartWay social solid waste Source stage standards Table take-back legislation technical nutrients Tetra Pak toxic transportation triple bottom line upcycled value stream map Walmart warranties