Symbiosis as a Source of Evolutionary Innovation: Speciation and Morphogenesis

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Lynn Margulis, René Fester
MIT Press, 1991 - Science - 454 pages
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A departure from mainstream biology, the idea of symbiosis - as in the genetic andmetabolic interactions of the bacterial communities that became the earliest eukaryotes andeventually evolved into plants and animals - has attracted the attention of a growing number ofscientists.These original contributions by symbiosis biologists and evolutionary theorists addressthe adequacy of the prevailing neo-Darwinian concept of evolution in the light of growing evidencethat hereditary symbiosis, supplemented by the gradual accumulation of heritable mutation, resultsin the origin of new species and morphological novelty. They include reports of current research onthe evolutionary consequences of symbiosis, the protracted physical association between organisms ofdifferent species. Among the issues considered are individuality and evolution, microbial symbioses,animal­bacterial symbioses, and the importance of symbiosis in cell evolution, ecology, andmorphogenesis.Lynn Margulis, Distinguished Professor of Botany at the University of Massachusetts atAmherst, is the modern originator of the symbiotic theory of cell evolution. Once considered heresy,her ideas are now part of the microbiological revolution. René Fester is a graduate student in thebiological sciences at Northern Arizona University.Contributors: Peter Atsatt. Richard C. Back.David Bermudes. Paola Bonfante-Fasolo. René Fester. Lynda J. Goff. Anne-Marie Grenier. RicardoGuerrero. Robert H. Haynes. Rosmarie Honegger. Gregory Hinkle. Kwang W. Jeon. Bryce Kendrick.Richard Law. David Lewis. Lynn Margulis. John Maynard Smith. Margaret J. McFall-Ngai. Paul Nardon.Kenneth H. Nealson. Kris Pirozynski. Peter W. Price. Mary Beth Saffo. Jan Sapp. Silvano Scannerini.Werner Schwemmler. Sorin Sonea. Toomas H. Tiivel. Robert K. Trench. Russell Vetter.

 

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Contents

Symbiogenesis and Symbionticism
1
Microbial Symbioses
13
Symbiosis and Cytoplasmic
15
A Darwinian View of Symbiosis
26
Modes of Mutation and Repair in Evolutionary Rhythms
40
Origins and Evolution
57
Symbiosis Inferred from the Fossil Record
72
Daptobacter
106
Symbiogenesis in Insects as a Model for Morphogenesis Cell
178
Nematodes
205
Fungal Symbioses and Evolutionary Innovations
249
Development over 3 8 Billion Years
262
Bacteria and Bacterialike Objects in Endomycorrhizal Fungi
273
Mutualistic Symbioses in the Origin and Evolution of Land
288
Fungi and the Origin of Land Plants
301
Symbiosis and Morphogenesis
319

Symbiont Acquisition and Possible
118
Symbiosis in Cell Evolution
129
Status of the Theory of the Symbiotic Origin of Undulipodia
135
Cyanophora paradoxa Korschikoff and the Origins
143
The Role
153
InsectBacteria
170
Symbiosis Interspecific Gene Transfer and the Evolution
341
Galls Flowers Fruits and Fungi
364
Adaptive
381
Lessons
410
About the Authors
431
Copyright

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About the author (1991)

René Fester is a graduate student in the biological sciences at Northern Arizona University.

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