Syncretism/anti-syncretism: The Politics of Religious Synthesis
"Syncretism, refers to the mixing of different religious traditions whether as active, ongoing process or as historical fact. In the present era of displacement, migration and generally increasing "cultural compression" syncretism is very much a current event. But syncretism does not just happen because religions have similarities and cross over into one another. It occurs in social conditions characterized by unequal power and it is sometimes directed by the interests and agency of prominent individuals. Contributors to this volume explore not only how syncretism occurs, but how the very idea of religious mixture is accepted or contested in ten different societies. Topics covered include multiculturalism in India, Japanese "new religions," the translation of the Bible in Ghana, the Christian interpretation of circumcision in Papua New Guinea and Turkish migrants' efforts to remain Muslims in Germany. Whether syncretism is a good or a bad thing is a disputed matter. Anti-syncretism can arise in situations of multiculturalism where a group attempts to preserve its integrity by guarding against foreign influences. In situations of ethnic revival groups are liable to deconstruct their own traditions and extirpate elements considered to be foreign or borrowed. Dispensing with objectivist and historicist attempts to decide what is syncretic, the contributors to this volume use their anthropological expertise and experience to present local understandings and debates about what is mixed, what is pure, and which is most 'authentic' "--Publisher description.
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Syncretism/Anti-Syncretism: The Politics of Religious Synthesis
Rosalind Shaw,Charles Stewart
No preview available - 1994
Abosam African Aminata Anastenaria Ancient Greek Anthropology anti-syncretic argued authenticity belief Caicara Caicarenos caste Catholic celebration Chicago Christmas circumcision claim colonial Comaroff concept context cults cultural dalit dalit theology dance debate Devil discourse divine dominant elements ethnic European Ewe Christians example festival foreign gbogbo German Greece healing Hindu Hinduism Holy honours identity inculturation Indian indigenous influence Islam Japan Japanese Kadiatu Kpuawala language London male Mawu meaning Mende mission missionaries Monagas monkey Mono movements multiculturalism Muslim Nihonjinron nineteenth century Oxford Papua New Guinea parrandas pentecostal political priests problem Protestantism Ramnad religion religious synthesis Rifa'i rites ritual practices role Rosalind Shaw saint worship Sande elders Sande initiation Sande society secular Sierra Leone social society Spirit studies symbols syncretism Tamil term syncretism theology tion tism traditions translation trowo Turkish migrants University Press village Western Yawing Zionists Zulu