Synthetic Fibres: Nylon, Polyester, Acrylic, Polyolefin
J. E. McIntyre (Professor.)
Taylor & Francis US, 2005 - Science - 300 pages
Synthetic fibres account for about half of all fibre usage, with applications in every field of fibre and textile technology. Although many classes of fibre based on synthetic polymers have been evaluated as potentially valuable commercial products, four of them - nylon, polyester, acrylic and polyolefin - dominate the market. These four account for approximately 98% by volume of synthetic fibre production, with polyester alone accounting for around 60%.
Synthetic fibres: nylon, polyester, acrylic, polyolefin provides a brief history of the early evaluations that led to this situation, then looks in detail at the development and present status of each class in four substantial chapters. Synthesis of chemical intermediates, polymerisation methods, fibre spinning and orientation technology, texturing techniques, production of microfibres, and chemical variants, e.g. for modified dyeability, are considered in detail. This comprehensive and accessible book will appeal to textile technologists in industrial and academic research, chemical and synthetic fibre suppliers, and yarn and fabric manufacturers.
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acetate acid Acordis acrylic fibres acrylonitrile addition amine antistatic applications aqueous bicomponent fibres blends bulk caprolactam carbon Carothers carpet catalyst CHDMT Chem chemical co-workers colour commercial comonomer copolymer crimp cross-section crystal crystalline degradation developed disperse disperse dyes draw ratio dry-spinning DuPont dyeing effect end groups end-uses ester extrusion fabrics fibers fibre processing fibre production fibre surface formation glycol heat hydrogen increased Kanebo manufacture melt-spinning melting point metallocene microfibres modacrylic modulus molar mass molar mass distribution molecular mass molecular weight molecules monomer non-woven nylon nylon fibres orientation oxidation Patent Office pigments polyacrylonitrile polyamide polyester Polym Sci polymer polymer chains polymerisation polyolefin fibres polypropylene Pont de Nemours radical reaction recycling resistance solvent speed spin finishes spinneret spinneret holes stabilisers staple fibre structure synthetic fibres technique Technology temperature tenacity terephthalate textile texturing thermal tonnes twist typical tyre vinyl viscosity wet-spinning yarn