Systematic Reviews in Health Care: A Practical Guide
Cambridge University Press, Nov 8, 2001 - Medical
What do we do if different studies appear to give different answers? When applying research to questions for individual patients or for health policy, one of the challenges is interpreting such apparently conflicting research. A systematic review is a method to systematically identify relevant research, appraise its quality, and synthesize the results. The last two decades have seen increasing interest and developments in methods for doing high quality systematic reviews. Part I of this book provides a clear introduction to the concepts of reviewing, and lucidly describes the difficulties and traps to avoid. A unique feature of the book is its description, in Part II, of the different methods needed for different types of health care questions: frequency of disease, prognosis, diagnosis, risk, and management. As well as illustrative examples, there are exercises for each of the sections. This is essential reading for those interested in synthesizing health care research.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Part 2 Questionspecific methods
Acronyms and abbreviations
aetiology aetiology and risk allocation analysis Appraising and selecting appropriate assess beneWt bias been minimized blind Cochran Q Cochrane Collaboration Cochrane Library cohort studies colorectal cancer combined confounding control group conWdence interval databases deWnition diagnostic tests disease diYcult eVect modiWcation example existing systematic reviews exposure Finding existing systematic Finding relevant studies follow-up frequency hazard ratio heterogeneity identiWed important individual studies intervention studies journals MEDLINE MeSH meta-analysis methods number needed odds ratio otitis media outcome measures ovarian cancer patients placebo population prediction prognosis publication bias PubMed question types randomized controlled trial RCTs reference standard relative risk risk diVerence risk factors sample screening selecting studies selection bias sensitivity and speciWcity SROC statistically signiWcant study design study types subgroups summary estimate summary table survival analysis suYcient synthesizing the studies treatment and control treatment eVect Trials Registry variation Wnding Wrst Wxed Xaws