T.S. Eliot's Response to Matthew Arnold in His Early Essays
GRIN Verlag, 2009 - 72 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject English - Literature, Works, grade: 2,0, University of Munster (Englisches Seminar), course: T.S. Eliot, Critical Essays, language: English, abstract: In the course of history, literature as well as literary theory and critique experienced various changes due to social circumstances. Their function in certain periods and epochs differed vastly. Without any doubt, the Victorian critic and poet, Matthew Arnold, represents a significant predecessor of Thomas Stearns Eliot and is fundamentally important for the understanding of his literary theory and criticism. The modern literary critic of the 20th century, T. S. Eliot, is therefore more closely associated with the theories of the Victorian artist than any other literary critic or poet. However, their relation is not easy to define and bares not only immense analogies but also many divergences and contradictions. The present work represents an analysis of T. S. Eliot's reaction towards Matthew Arnold in his early essays. Therefore, it also traces the transition of literary theory and criticism from the 19th to the 20th century. Their attitudes towards literary the-ory and poetry will be exposed as well as their concept of literary criticism and its functions. Besides, their notion of historical circumstances and their perception of morality in literature are crucial aspects worth a detailed observation. For this purpose, Eliot's comments on Matthew Arnold in his early essays serve as a basis for the illustration and form the central source. Therefore, "Tradition and the Individual Talent" (1919), "Hamlet" (1919), "The Perfect Critic" (1920), "The Function of Criticism" (1923), "Matthew Arnold" (1933), and "Arnold and Pater" (1930) constitute the main works of reference. Further works by various authors provide supplementary opinions on the subject and subsequently offer more postures when it comes to forming a judge"
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20th century Adam Kirsch Amerikanische Literaturtheorie analogy ancient Greek Aristotle Arnold and T.S. Arnold considers Arnold’s concept Arnold’s functionalism Arnold’s literary theory Arnold’s notion Arnold’s poetic artist aspect Aspekte der Englischen attacks Arnold’s attitude author’s autotelic best ideas Buckley concept of literary concept of literature Consequently context creative critical effort Criticism 69 Criticism 72 critique on Arnold crucial disinterestedness early essays Eliot argues Eliot considers Eliot on Matthew Eliot’s concept Eliot’s critique Eliot’s early Eliot’s notion Eliot’s reaction ELIOT’S RESPONSE emotion Erwin Wolff exemplify Faber and Faber Frank Kermode Function of Criticism function of literature Funktionsgeschichtliche Aspekte Individual Talent interpretation Kirsch Krieger litera literary criticism literature as criticism Loring Marion Meerpohl Matthew Arnold 105 Maurice de Guérin mind moral values Nevertheless nold nold’s objective one’s Perfect Critic poet poetic theory poetry René Wellek Rüdiger Ahrens society society’s T. S. Eliot term Thomas Spielkamp tion understanding Victorian critic Wellek