Ta Tsing Leu Lee; Being the Fundamental Laws, and a Selection from the Supplementary Statutes, of the Penal Code of China

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George Thomas Staunton
Cambridge University Press, Apr 26, 2012 - History - 670 pages
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The sinologist George Thomas Staunton (1781-1859) learned Chinese as a child and accompanied his father on a trip to China in 1792 where, though the Ambassador's page, he was the only member of the delegation who could speak to the emperor in Chinese. A career in the East India Company's Canton factory followed, and he translated many texts between Chinese and English, including this penal code, published in 1810, which was its first translation into any European language. The 'Fundamental Laws' was the legal code of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and contained more than 1,000 statutes. Staunton organised his translation of a selection of the laws into seven divisions: general, civil, fiscal, ritual (religious), military, criminal, and public works. He also includes an appendix with translations of edicts regarding matters such as punishment, making this compendium an invaluable guide to the complex legal regime of the Qing Dynasty.
 

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Contents

CONTENTS
lviii
Prefatory Edict of the Emperor KAUNGHEE otherwiſe
lxvii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
lxx
able III Scale of pecuniary Redemption in ſuch Caſes as
lxxiii
Relations in the firſt Degree XXXIX Participators in Offences XL Reſponſible Superintendants
lxxv
Offences committed by Officers of Government of a private and perſonal Nature II
11
Oflſienders who are not liable to Baniſhment
12
Offenders of the Military Glaſs
13
Conveyance of private Property at the Charge of Go vernment
266
Privately lending the Poſthorſes of Government
267
ROBBERY AND THEFR CCLIV High Treaſon
269
Rebellion and Renunciation of Allegiance
272
Sorcery and Magic
273
Sacrilege
274
Stealing Edicts and Ordinances of Government ibid CCLIX Stealing Seals and Stamps of Office
275
Stealing Military Weapons and Accoutrements
276

Xll Officers of Government when removed without being diſ graced
14
Offences committed by Officers of Government previous to their Elevation
15
Degraded Officers of Government liable to the ſame Obliga tions as private Individuals
16
Relations of Exiles
17
Extent of an Act of Grace or General Pardon
18
Effect of an Act of Grace on the Condition of Offenders in Exile
19
Indulgence to Offenders for the Sake of their Parents
20
Offences of Aſtronomers
21
Offences of Artificers Muſicians and Women
22
Offences of Perſons already under Sentence of Puniſhment
23
Laws relative to the Prieſthood
42
Execution of new Laws XLIV Determination of Caſes not provided for by any exiſting Law ibid XLV Place of temporary and perpetual Baniſhment
44
Place of extraordinary or military Baniſhment
45
SECOND
49
CONDUCT OF THE MAGISTRATES
64
Examination of official Records 7 2
72
THIRD DIVISION Fgſtal Laws
79
SECTION PAce
85
Evaſion of perſonal Service
88
LXXXVIIL Younger and inferior Branches of a Family diſpoſing
92
Perſonal Viſitation of Lands ſuffering from any Calamity
98
Taking away without Leave the Fruit growing in Gar
105
Regard to Rank and Priority among Wives ibid
111
B O O K IV
124
Privately lending or employing public Property
133
CXXXIII Eſtabliſhed Regulations obſerved in the Receipt and Iſſue
139
Regular Tranſmiſſion of public Stores from the inferior to to ſuperior Juriſdictions
142
Rule of Forfeiture and Reſtitution
144
B O O K V
148
Superintendants of SaltDuties to receive no intermediate Profits 1 5 3
153
Preſervation of SaltLaws from Neglect ibid CXLIV Smuggling of Tea 1 54
154
Smuggling of Allum 5 5
156
B O O K VI
158
B O O K VII
163
Licence of commercial Agents 16 3
164
SACRED RITES
169
MISCELLANEOUS OBSERVANCES
177
Monuments raiſed by Officers of Government to commemo
183
Neglecting to make ſuch Reports to ſuperior Officers as
186
Dreſs and Conduct of the Prieſts
187
PROTECTION OF THE PALACE
193
BOOK
207
Deſtroying and caſting away military Arms and Accoutrements 22 3
224
Favour to be ſhewn to the Relations of Officers and Soldiers
230
Afliſting and favouring the Eſcape of the Wives and Daugh
236
BOOK IV
241
Killing Horſes horned Cattle and other Animals ibid
248
Expreſsmeſſengers exceeding the Allowances of Horſes
257
Occupation of the principal Apartments in Poſt houſes 26 2
262
Officers and others compelling the Inhabitants of their Diſtrict to carry their Palanquins 26 3
263
Families of deceaſed Officers to be removed at the public Expence
264
Stealing Timber from a BuryingGround
277
Embezzlement of public Property ibid CCLXV Theft of public Property
279
RobberyHighway Robbery
280
Reſcue from Priſon
281
Robbing in open Day
283
Stealing in general
284
Stealing Horſes and other domeſticated Animals
285
Stealing Corn or other Produce in the open Field
286
B O O K II
303
CCLXXXVHL Murder with the Intent to mangle and divide
309
Practitioners of Medicine killing or injuring their
319
Periods of Reſponſibility for the Conſequences of
327
Coordinate or independent Officers of Government
333
Striking a Relation not within any of the four Degrees
343
Informations preſented by Criminals under Confine
374
Receiving Money corruptly by way of Reward
384
FORGERIES AND FRAUDS
392
Counterfeiting the current Coin of the Realm
398
Impoſtors pretending to be Great Officers of State
399
Officers of State and others belonging to the Court interfering without Authority 40 1
401
Pretending to diſcover Prognoſtics iIid
403
B O O K VIII
404
Criminal Intercourſe in general 404
405
Inceſt or criminal Intercourſe between Relations 4o6 CCCLXIX Accuſing an elder Relation of Adultery
407
Criminal Intercourſe between Officers of Government and Females under their Juriſditli0n
408
Criminal Intercourſe during the Period of hlouriling
409
Criminal Intercourſe between free Perſons and Slaves ibid CCCLXXIV Officers of Government frequenting the Company of Proſtitutes and Actreſſes
410
BOOK IX
411
CCCLXXVIlI Gaming 41 2
413
Compromifing Offences and withdrawing them from the Cognizance of the Magiſtrates
415
Wilful and malicious Houſeburning
417
T heatrical Repreſentations
418
Tranſgreflion of Standing Rules and Orders
419
B O O K X
420
Criminals reſiſting the Police Officers 42 I
422
Returning or eſcaping from a Place of Baniſhment
423
Delaying the Execution of a Sentence of Baniſhment
425
Jailors and others ſuffering their Priſoners to eſcape
426
Privately aſiiſting and concealing Criminals
428
Periods allowed for the Purſuit of Thieves and Robbers
429
BOOK XI
431
Impriſonment and Procedure againſt unaccuſed and unimplicated Perſons
433
Delay in executing the Sentence of the Law
435
Supply of Food and Clothes to Priſoner
439
Indulgence in conſideration of the Rank and former Services of Priſoners
440
Priſoners committing Suicide 44 1
441
SEVENTH
463
PUBLIC WAYS
471
Murder
560
Law Reports containing the Trial Reviſal of Proceedings
566
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