Taking Shelter from the Storm: Building a Safe Room Inside Your House
Every year, tornadoes, hurricanes, & other extreme windstorms injure & kill people, & damage millions of dollars worth of property in the U.S. Having a shelter, or safe room, built into your house can help you protect yourself & your family from injury or death caused by the dangerous forces of extreme winds. This report answers questions about your living conditions so you can decide how best to protect yourself & your family. Also provides shelter designs that will show your builder/contractor how to construct a shelter underneath, in the basement of, or in an interior room of a new house, or how to modify an existing house to add a shelter.
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16 DATE ALTERNATIVE AUGUST 1999 REV basement shelter basement walls BOLTS booklet build a shelter builder/contractor CEILING CMU/CONCRETE CODE CONC concrete masonry concrete or concrete CONNECTOR construction crawlspace foundation damage DEADBOLTS debris DETAIL DOOR MAY SWING DOOR SPECIFICATION EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY EMERGENCY SUPPLY Engineering Research Center existing house extreme windstorms FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT FEMA foundation walls HIGH RISK HIGH Hurricane Andrew HVAC in-ground shelters INSTALL Insulating Concrete Form ITEM Lean-To LINEAR FEET Lubbock MATERIAL SIZE MEASURE MEASURE QUANTITY REMARKS OCTOBER 1998 REVISED P.T. LUMBER PLANNING YOUR SHELTER PLYWOOD protection REINFORCING BAR RISK HIGH RISK roof SCALE SECTIONS SHEET 14 shelter designs SHELTER WALL SILL PLATE SLAB slab-on-grade foundation SNVdS square miles STEEL SHEATHING 14 storm surge STUDS Texas Tech University tornadoes recorded type of shelter Typical Upper Marlboro WAFFLE GRID WALL WERC Wind Engineering Research wind zone WOOD DECK SCREWS Wood-Frame Shelter YIELD STRENGTH
Page 10 - ... where it can be flooded during a hurricane. Your shelter should be readily accessible from all parts of your house, and it should be free of clutter. To protect the occupants during extreme windstorms, the shelter must be adequately anchored to the house foundation to resist overturning and uplift. The connections between all parts of the shelter must be strong enough to resist failure, and the walls, roof, and door must resist penetration by windborne missiles. Extensive testing by Texas Tech...