Targum Studies: Targum and Peshitta

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Paul Virgil McCracken Flesher
Scholars Press, Jan 1, 1998 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 252 pages
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This collection of nine essays examines the issue of whether the targums and the Peshitta-both ancient translations of the Hebrew Bible into dialects of Aramaic-are related in some way. Peshitta scholars have debated the question of the relationship for over 135 years. Without knowing what the other authors were saying, each contributor to this volume has added a piece to the puzzle so that together the essays add up to a resolution of the scholarly debate. By focusing on different books of the Bible, the essays together show that generally the targums and the Peshitta are unrelated and that the translators of the Peshitta were acquainted with the form and content of Jewish exegesis. The defining and significant characteristic of this work is that the essays were written at the end of a multi-decade project to produce a critical edition of the Peshitta. Now that the text and the history of the Peshitta's development is known the question of its relationship to the targums can be answered with confidence.

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Contents

The Copernican Revolution in the Study of the Origins of the Peshitta
15
The Relationship Between the Peshitta Pentateuch
57
Balaams Third and Fourth Oracles in the Peshitta and Targums
75
Targumic Method and Method in the
93
Peshitta and Targum
119
On the Influence of the Targum on the Peshitta to Job
141
Is the Peshitta of Chronicles a Targum?
159
The Relationship Between the Targum and Peshitta Texts of the
195
Abbreviations
209
Indices
229
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