Teaching Children Physical Education: Becoming a Master Teacher

Front Cover
Human Kinetics, 2008 - Education - 242 pages

In this fully updated edition, George Graham, PhD, presents a concise, practical, user-friendly view of what it takes to become a master teacher of children's physical education. The book is contemporary and easy to apply in real-world teaching situations. Dr. Graham knows kids--and the challenges of teaching them.

Teaching Children Physical Education, Third Edition, is valuable to future and veteran teachers alike. Future teachers will learn the skills and techniques that master teachers employ, and experienced teachers will be challenged to consider some new techniques for designing their classes, developing lessons, and adjusting tasks for individual children. All readers will learn the skills and techniques that successful teachers use to make their classes vibrant, fun, and developmentally appropriate.

Graham, a university professor and public school physical education instructor who was recently named to the NASPE Hall of Fame, deftly weaves research-based information with firsthand experience in a conversational tone. The result is an easy-to-read book rich with practical advice based on what really works in today's gymnasiums and playgrounds.

Bound into every copy of the book is a DVD featuring video clips showing teachers in real-life situations as well as easy-to-print worksheets from the book. The video clips illustrate key techniques and strategies from the book. Those techniques and strategies include how to

- motivate children to practice,

- build positive feelings,

- minimize off-task behavior and discipline problems,

- create an atmosphere of learning,

- maximize learning,

- develop lesson content,

- use a problem-solving approach,

- observe and analyze,

- provide feedback, and

- assess children's (and your own) progress.

The book includes many practical teaching scenarios that illustrate the decision-making process that master teachers use in virtually every lesson they teach. Other reader-friendly features include

- chapter objectives,

- author insights that make the book come alive, and

- reflection questions that help teachers consider how well a lesson worked and what would have happened if they had taken a different approach.

This new edition is also backed by easily downloadable ancillaries for course instructors, including an instructor guide and test and presentation packages.

Teaching Children Physical Education has become the foundation for the shared technical language that is used in many college and university PE teacher education programs. If you're looking for an affordable text or reference that focuses on pedagogy in a down-to-earth style, Teaching Children Physical Education, Third Edition is a book you'll turn to again and again on your way to becoming a master teacher.

 

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Contents

Successful Teaching
1
The Teacher Not Only the Content
2
How Is Childrens Physical Education Different?
3
Analogies of Teaching
4
Changing and Dynamic
5
The Challenge of Teaching Childrens Physical Education
6
The Teaching Makes the Difference
8
Pedagogy Tool Box
9
ChildCentered and SubjectCentered Decisions
120
Observing Individuals
122
Techniques for Observing
123
Four Key Observation Questions
125
Summary
126
References
127
Developing the Content
129
Teacher Choices in Developing the Content
130

Summary
12
Questions for Reflection
13
Planning to Maximize Learning
15
The Need for Planning
16
Tendencies to Avoid Planning
20
Planning Formats and Components
22
Summary
31
Questions for Reflection
32
References
33
Creating a Positive Learning Environment
35
Teacher Expectancy
37
Teacher Stereotypes
38
Creating an Emotionally Safe Environment
39
Teaching Behavior Protocols
46
Summary
49
References
50
Minimizing OffTask Behavior and Discipline Problems
51
Strategies for Minimizing OffTask Behavior
52
Discipline Problems
56
Characteristics for Effective Discipline Systems
62
The Discipline Confrontation
64
Summary
66
References
67
Getting the Lesson Started
69
Instant Activity
70
Why Instant Activity?
71
Communicating the Purpose of the Lesson
72
Traditional Ways to Start a Lesson
75
Summary
77
Questions for Reflection
78
Instructing and Demonstrating
79
Instructing
80
Demonstrating
86
Checking for Understanding
87
Students Use of Time
89
Definition of Categories
90
Pinpointing
92
PlayTeachPlay
93
CDs and DVDs
95
Summary
96
Questions for Reflection
97
Motivating Children to Practice
99
Three Keys to Motivating Children
100
Eight Techniques for Motivating Children
106
Helping Children Develop Realistic Expectations
114
Teacher as Cheerleader
116
Summary
117
Observing and Analyzing
119
Content Development Patterns
142
Summary
148
Providing Feedback
151
Types of Feedback
152
Who Gets Your Feedback?
157
Research on Physical Education Teacher Feedback
158
Summary
160
References
161
Building CriticalThinking Skills
163
Value for the Children
164
Convergent Problem Solving
165
Divergent Problem Solving
167
Verbal Problem Solving
168
Effective Questioning and Problem Setting
169
Should I Use a Direct or an Indirect Approach?
174
References
175
Building Positive Feelings
177
Intentional and Ever Present
179
Selection of Activities
183
Competition for Children
184
Testing
187
Understanding Feelings
188
Learned Helplessness
190
Concluding Thoughts
191
References
192
Assessing and Reporting Childrens Progress
193
Why Assess?
194
Grading
195
What to Assess
198
How to Assess
199
Reporting What Has Been Assessed
201
Informal Assessments
202
Fitness Testing
208
Summary
210
References
211
Continuing to Develop as a Teacher
213
Stages of Teaching
214
Techniques for Continuing to Improve as a Teacher
218
Seven Habits of Highly Effective Teachers
222
What Type of Teacher Will You Become?
223
Questions for Reflection
224
References
225
Appendix
227
Index
231
About the Author
DVD User Instructions
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

George Graham, PhD, has been on the faculty at Pennsylvania State University in the department of kinesiology since 2002. He was on the faculty at Virginia Tech for 17 years, where he was a member of Virginia Tech's Academy of Teaching Excellence. He began his career teaching and coaching in the public schools of California and Oregon and served on the faculties of the University of Georgia and the University of South Carolina before moving to Blacksburg, Virginia.

Since its inception in 1996, Dr. Graham has served as the senior advisor for PE Central (www.pecentral.org), the most widely used Web site by physical educators in the United States.

Dr. Graham has published extensively on physical education teacher effectiveness and physical education for children; he has more than a dozen books, monographs, and journal features and more than 50 articles, monographs, and videotapes to his credit. He is a sought-after speaker and consultant, having delivered presentations at more than 100 conferences throughout the world, including over 60 keynote speeches and feature addresses. He has served as a consultant to more than 70 school districts, the United States Tennis Association, and the Professional Golf Association. He continues to work as a consultant to schools and districts throughout the United States.

In 2007, Dr. Graham was inducted into the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) Hall of Fame. He is also a fellow in the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education (2005) and the North American Society of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Professionals (2004). Dr. Graham has also received the Margie Hanson Honor Award presented by the Council on Physical Education for Children in 1997 and the NASPE Curriculum and Instruction Academy Honor Award in 1996. He served as the executive director of the United States Physical Education Association. With his graduate students, he wrote the first developmentally appropriate document for NASPE. With his undergraduate students, he spends several weeks each semester in elementary schools teaching children physical education.

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