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absorbed absorption accuracy accurate acid amount apparatus average benzene benzoic acid bituminous coal bomb calorimeter British thermal units bromine bulb burette burned burner calculated calibrated candle candle-power capillary tube carbon dioxide carbon monoxide caustic cent Chapter Chem chimney gases cock combustion tube connected constant containing copper correction crucible cubic foot determined dilute error explosion filled filter flame fuel gage gas analysis gas burette gas holder glass tube heating value hydrocarbons hydrogen ignition illuminating gas Jour lamp levelling bottle light liquid mercury meter methane method minutes moisture naphthalene necessary obtained oxides of nitrogen oxygen particles passed percentage peroxide phosphorus photometer picric acid pipette placed platinum reaction reagent room temperature rubber tube sampling tube saturated screwed shown in Fig sodium sodium peroxide solution standard stopcock sulphur taken tank thermometer tion unsaturated hydrocarbons usually volatile matter water vapor weight wire
Page 206 - Place the wet filter containing the precipitate of barium sulphate in a weighed platinum, porcelain, silica or alundum crucible, allowing a free access of air by folding the paper over the precipitate loosely to prevent spattering. Smoke the paper off gradually and at no time allow it to burn with flame. After the paper is practically consumed, raise the temperature to approximately 925°C.
Page 108 - The thermometers are then whirled rapidly for 15 or 20 seconds, stopped and quickly read, the wet bulb first. This reading is kept in mind, the psychrometer immediately whirled again, and a second reading taken. This is repeated three or four times, or more if necessary, until at least two successive readings of the wet bulb are found to agree very closely, thereby showing that it has reached its lowest temperature.
Page 201 - C.), as determined by placing a thermocouple through the perforated cover, which for this purpose may be of nickel or asbestos. The junction of the couple should be placed in contact with the center of the bottom of the crucible; or the temperature may be indicated by the fusion of pure potassium chromate in the covered crucible (fusion of K2Cr04, 940° C.).
Page 205 - ... hour, with occasional stirring. Filter and wash the insoluble matter by decantation. After several washings in this manner, transfer the insoluble matter to the filter and wash five times, keeping the mixture well agitated.
Page 228 - ... when the rise of temperature has reached six-tenths of its total amount (this point can generally be determined by adding to the temperature observed before firing, 60 per cent of the expected...
Page 205 - Heat the crucible, placed in a slanting position on a triangle, over a very low flame to avoid rapid expulsion of the volatile matter, which tends to prevent complete absorption of the products of combustion of the sulfur.
Page 202 - Burn the portion of powdered coal used for the determination of moisture, at first over a very low flame, with the crucible open and inclined, till free from carbon. If properly treated, this sample can be burned much more quickly than the dense carbon left from the determination of volatile matter.
Page 200 - The crucible should be supported on a platinum triangle with the bottom 6 to 8 cm above the top of the burner. The flame should be fully 20 cm high when burning free, and the determination should be made in a place free from draughts. The upper surface of the cover should burn clear, but the under surface should remain covered with carbon.