Techniques for nuclear and particle physics experiments: a how-to approach
The book is based on a laboratory course in nuclear physics given to advanced students. It treats the experimental techniques and instrumentationmost often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experimental sciences. It provides most useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details on-interactionof radiation in matter; - radion protection and radioactive sources; - statistics for the interpretation and analysis of data; - principles and operation of the main types of detectors (ionization, scintillation and semiconductor detectors); - nuclear electronics instrumentation (NIM, CAMAC); - various systems and techniques for experiments. Thanks to the author's long teaching experience the material is presented in a verypractical, hands-on way making the book a useful text and lab companion for students and experienced scientists.
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Basic Nuclear Processes in Radioactive Sources
Passage of Radiation Through Matter
Radiation Protection Biological Effects of Radiation
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amplifier amplitude anode anode wire atomic Bethe-Bloch formula bremsstrahlung Bus-line cable calculated CAMAC cathode chamber charged particles circuit coincidence collisions component Compton scattering constant count rate counter cross section crystal curve dataway dE/dx decay density depends depletion zone detection detector distribution drift drift chamber dynode effect efficiency elec electric field electrons emission emitted energy loss errors example factor fast formula frequency function gamma rays gate Gaussian germanium given impurities input integral interaction ionization ions light linear logic signal material maximum measured method modules MWPC neutron noise nuclear nucleus operation oscilloscope output p-type parameters particle physics photocathode photomultiplier photons preamplifier pulse height pulse shape radiation radioactive range reactions resolution scaler scattering scintillator semiconductor semiconductor detectors shown in Fig silicon spectrum temperature thickness threshold tion trigger valence band velocity voltage width y-ray