Technological Change, Collective Bargaining, and Industrial Efficiency
Assessing the reaction of trade unions to innovation, this revisionist study asserts that unions do not, in fact, obstruct change as often as is commonly assumed. In a detailed analysis of industrial innovations and labor relations, Willman examines three major industries that have experienced abnormal problems in both the U.S. and Great Britain: the port, newspaper, and automotive industries. The explanation for this pattern isolates the close relationship--in the U. S. and Great Britain--between technological and organized change.
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Technological Change Trade Unions and Efficiency
Two Automation Debates
The Evidence of Trade Union Resistance to Change
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Abernathy AFL-CIO agreement approach areas assembly Austin Rover Austin Rover Group automation behaviour branch car industry cent Ceteris paribus Chapter clearing banks collective bargaining competitive concern conflict consummate co-operation containerization contingent claims contract cost-minimizing Cowley discussion disputes dockwork earnings economic economies of scale effort bargain employees employment engineering equipment established example Figure firms Fleet Street Ford growth impact improvements increased industrial relations inefficient institutional economics internal labour-market investment involved labour costs labour relations levels Longbridge machine manufacturing ment Moreover national newspapers NATSOPA negotiations operation organization organizational output overall particular plant problems process change process innovations product innovation product-market reduce relationship restrictive practices sales-maximizing Sequential spot contracting SOGAT Source staff strategy strike activity substantial Table technical change technological change tended tion trade union resistance transactions Utterback wage Williamson workers x-efficiency