Technological change, collective bargaining, and industrial efficiency
Assessing the reaction of trade unions to innovation, this revisionist study asserts that unions do not, in fact, obstruct change as often as is commonly assumed. In a detailed analysis of industrial innovations and labor relations, Willman examines three major industries that have experienced abnormal problems in both the U.S. and Great Britain: the port, newspaper, and automotive industries. The explanation for this pattern isolates the close relationship--in the U. S. and Great Britain--between technological and organized change.
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Technological Change Trade Unions and Efficiency
Two Automation Debates
The Evidence of Trade Union Resistance to Change
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Abernathy AFL-CIO agreement approach areas assembly ATMs Austin Rover Group automation basis behaviour branch car industry cent Ceteris paribus Chapter clearing banks collective bargaining competitive computer-aided design concern conflict consummate co-operation containerization contingent claims contract cost-minimizing Cowley discussion disputes dockwork earnings economic economies of scale effect effort bargain employees employment engineering equipment established example Figure firms Ford growth impact implied improvements increased industrial relations institutional economics internal labour-market investment involved labour costs levels Longbridge managerial manufacturing ment microprocessor Moreover national newspapers NATSOPA negotiations operation organization organizational output overall part-time particular performance-maximizing plant problems process change process efficiency process innovations product innovation product-market reduce relationship restrictive practices sales-maximizing sector Sequential spot contracting SOGAT staff stewards substantial Table technical change technological change tended tion trade union resistance transactions Utterback wage workers x-efficiency