Technological choices and material meanings in Early and Middle Bronze Age Hungary: understanding the active role of material culture through ceramic analysis
This study examines the relationship between technology and social organisation in a range of Early and Middle Bronze Age cultural groups and proposes that in the process of material culture production, technological choices not only deliver an end product but are also an essential part of complex, dynamic social strategies. Such strategies may exist both between people, and between people and the environment from which they will draw their resources. This research focuses on a range of Early and Middle Bronze Age settlements in Hungary. In order to gain a wider picture about technological change and continuity, and how technology shaped social relations during the Bronze Age, a number of important Early and Middle Bronze Age sites are examined. In chronological order these are: Ullo (Mako), Ordacsehi-Kis-toltes, Zamardi-Kutvolgyi-dulo (Somogyvar), Dunafoldvar-Kalvaria (Nagyrev), Ordacsehi-Bugaszeg, Harta-Weierhivl (Kisapostag), Kaposvar 61/1 (Transdanubian Encrusted Ware), Turkeve-Terehalom (Ottomany-Gyulavarsand), Fuzesabony-Oregdomb (Fuzesabony) and Esztergalyhorvati-Alsobarandpuszta (Tumulus). The chronological position of these sites makes it possible to investigate change and continuity in ceramic technology and examine whether possible similarities or differences are representative for a particular settlement, a particular group of people or a particular period.
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THE CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGICAL STYLE
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