Templar Families: Landowning Families and the Order of the Temple in France, C.1120-1307
Founded in c. 1120, in the aftermath of the First Crusade in Jerusalem, the Order of the Temple was a Christian brotherhood dedicated to the military protection of pilgrims and the Holy Land, attracting followers and supporters throughout Christian Europe. This detailed study explores the close relationship between the Order of the Temple and the landowning families it relied upon for support. Focussing on the regions of Burgundy, Champagne and Languedoc, Jochen Schenk investigates the religious expectations that guided noble and knightly families to found and support Templar communities in the European provinces, and examines the social dynamics and mechanisms that tied these families to each other. The book illustrates the close connection between the presence of Cistercians and the incidence of crusading within Templar family networks, and offers new insights into how collective identities and memory were shaped through ritual and tradition among medieval French-speaking social elites.
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ADCO Agnes Arnold Aspet Auxerre Baudement Benedictine benefactors Bernard of Clairvaux bishops Bouchard Broyes Bure Burgundy and Champagne Capendu Carcassonne Carraz Cart Douz Cartulaire de l’abbaye cartulary Chacenay Chappes Chart Châteauvillain church Cistercian Cîteaux Clarembaud cloister commandery Comminges confirmed confraternity confratres counts county of Champagne Demurger diocèse documents donations donors dossier Douzens Dreux Evergates example fols Godfrey Holy Land Hospitallers Hugh Ibid involvement Jerusalem joined the Order knighthood knightly L’ordre du Temple La Roche-Vanneau La Romagne Langres Languedoc lay associates lordship medieval military orders Milo Montbard Montlaur Montsaunès networks Noyers Paris particular Peter Pézenas Pons possessions preceptor Provence Raymond Raynald recorded reform relatives religious communities Richerenches Riley-Smith Roger Saint Second Crusade siècle Sombernon spiritual St-Gilles Templar brothers Templar charters Templar commandery Templar communities Templar families Templar houses templiers Third Crusade thirteenth century Tilchâtel Toulouse transactions Troyes twelfth century Vaour vols William