Terms of Inclusion: Black Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century Brazil

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UNC Press Books, May 2, 2011 - History - 416 pages
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In this history of black thought and racial activism in twentieth-century Brazil, Paulina Alberto demonstrates that black intellectuals, and not just elite white Brazilians, shaped discourses about race relations and the cultural and political terms of inclusion in their modern nation.

Drawing on a wide range of sources, including the prolific black press of the era, and focusing on the influential urban centers of Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador da Bahia, Alberto traces the shifting terms that black thinkers used to negotiate their citizenship over the course of the century, offering fresh insight into the relationship between ideas of race and nation in modern Brazil. Alberto finds that black intellectuals' ways of engaging with official racial discourses changed as broader historical trends made the possibilities for true inclusion appear to flow and then recede. These distinct political strategies, Alberto argues, were nonetheless part of black thinkers' ongoing attempts to make dominant ideologies of racial harmony meaningful in light of evolving local, national, and international politics and discourse. Terms of Inclusion tells a new history of the role of people of color in shaping and contesting the racialized contours of citizenship in twentieth-century Brazil.

 

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Contents

Introduction
3
São Paulo 19001925
23
Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo 19251929
69
Salvador da Bahia and São Paulo 19301945
110
São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro 19451950
151
São Paulo Rio de Janeiro and Salvador da Bahia 19501964
196
Rio de Janeiro Salvador da Bahia and São Paulo 19641985
245
Brazil 1985 to the New Century
297
Notes
303
Bibliography
355
Index
377
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Paulina L. Alberto is assistant professor of history, Spanish, and Portuguese at the University of Michigan.

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