Terms of Inclusion: Black Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century Brazil
In this history of black thought and racial activism in twentieth-century Brazil, Paulina Alberto demonstrates that black intellectuals, and not just elite white Brazilians, shaped discourses about race relations and the cultural and political terms of inclusion in their modern nation.
Drawing on a wide range of sources, including the prolific black press of the era, and focusing on the influential urban centers of Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador da Bahia, Alberto traces the shifting terms that black thinkers used to negotiate their citizenship over the course of the century, offering fresh insight into the relationship between ideas of race and nation in modern Brazil. Alberto finds that black intellectuals' ways of engaging with official racial discourses changed as broader historical trends made the possibilities for true inclusion appear to flow and then recede. These distinct political strategies, Alberto argues, were nonetheless part of black thinkers' ongoing attempts to make dominant ideologies of racial harmony meaningful in light of evolving local, national, and international politics and discourse. Terms of Inclusion tells a new history of the role of people of color in shaping and contesting the racialized contours of citizenship in twentieth-century Brazil.
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São Paulo 19001925
Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo 19251929
Salvador da Bahia and São Paulo 19301945
São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro 19451950
São Paulo Rio de Janeiro and Salvador da Bahia 19501964
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Terms of Inclusion: Black Intellectuals in Twentieth-century Brazil
Paulina L. Alberto
Limited preview - 2011
Abdias do Nascimento African culture African-descended Afro-Brazilian Alvorada antiracist April black activists black Brazilians black intellectuals black organizations black politics black press black race black thinkers black writers Blacks and Whites Brasileiro Brazil Brazil’s racial Brazilians of color broader Camargo Campos Candomblé celebrations Centro century citizenship city’s class of color Costa Pinto Diário early editors elite Estado Novo ethnic Ferreira Florencio foreign Frente Negra Frente’s Freyre Getulino Gilberto Freyre Guerreiro Ramos ideas of racial ideologies immigrants IPCN João José Reis José Correia Leite leaders Leite’s Mãe Preta mestiçagem mestiço monument movimento negro negritude Notícia Novo Horizonte Oliveira Paulista Paulistano Paulo Paulo’s black press Pereira police Quilombo race-based racial democracy racial discrimination racial fraternity racial harmony racism regime Rio de Janeiro Rio’s Salvador da Bahia samba scholars Senhora September Silva and Leite SINBA slavery slaves social tion Unsigned Vargas Vargas’s Verger Voz da Raça Yoruba