Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala Under General Efrain Rios Montt 1982-1983
"Waging a counterinsurgency war and justified by claims of 'an agreement between Guatemala and God,' Guatemala's Evangelical Protestant military dictator General Rios Montt incited a Mayan holocaust: over just 17 months, some 86,000 mostly Mayan civilians were murdered. Virginia Garrard-Burnett dives into the horrifying, bewildering murk of this episode, the Western hemisphere's worst twentieth-century human rights atrocity. She has delivered the most lucid historical account and analysis we yet possess of what happened and how, of the cultural complexities, personalities, and local and international politics that made this tragedy. Garrard-Burnett asks the hard questions and never flinches from the least comforting answers. Beautifully, movingly, and clearly written and argued, this is a necessary and indispensable book."-- Francisco Goldman, author of The Art of Political Murder: Who Killed the Bishop?"Virginia Garrard-Burnett's Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit is impressively researched and argued, providing the first full examination of the religious dimensions of la violencia - a period of extreme political repression that overwhelmed Guatemala in the 1980s. Garrard-Burnett excavates the myriad ways Christian evangelical imagery and ideals saturated political and ethical discourse that scholars usually treat as secular. This book is one of the finest contributions to our understanding of the violence of the late Cold War period, not just in Guatemala but throughout Latin America."--Greg Grandin, Professor of History, New York UniversityDrawing on newly-available primary sources including guerrilla documents, evangelical pamphlets, speech transcripts, and declassified US government records, Virginia Garrard-Burnett provides aa fine-grained picture of what happened during the rule of Guatelaman president-by-coup Efrain Rios Montt. She suggests that three decades of war engendered an ideology of violence that cut not only vertically, but also horizontally, across class, cultures, communities, religions, and even families. The book examines the causality and effects of the ideology of violence, but it also explores the long duree of Guatemalan history between 1954 and the late 1970s that made such an ideology possible. More significantly, she contends that self-interest, willful ignorance, and distraction permitted the human rights tragedies within Guatemala to take place without challenge from the outside world.
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activists Alta Verapaz altiplano amnesty Arbenz armed army’s Arturo Arias Baja Verapaz campesino catequistas Catholic Action Central America Centro Christian Church civil patrols civilian communities counterinsurgency coup culture death squads discursos document early Efraın Rıos Montt El Imparcial evangelical Falla Fusiles y Frijoles Garcıa genocide God’s government’s Guate Guatemala City Guatemalan army Guatemalan government guatemalteca guerrillas highlands Huehuetenango human rights Ibid ideology Iglesia Imparcial Indian indigenous indıgenas internal Ixca´n Ixil July killed Kobrak la violencia ladino Latin America leaders liberation theology Lucas ma´s Maryknoll massacres Maya Mayan military’s moral movement movimiento Nento´n organizations Payeras-Colom Collection Pentecostal percent popular population president Protestant Protestantism pueblo Quiche radical Reagan regime religious REMHI repression Rigoberta Menchu Rıos Montt rural scorched-earth campaign social soldiers strategy struggle terror theology U.S. Embassy United University of Texas URNG Verapaz villages Violence in Guatemala violencia