Testimony: Crises of Witnessing in Literature, Psychoanalysis, and History
"To write poetry after Auschwitz is barbaric," wrote Austrian musicologist Theodor Adorno. Indeed, the damage done to our sense of beauty, our sense of history and proportion by the events of World War II and the Holocaust is profound. Traditional means of assessing and narrating human experience have failed to encompass and account for that historic trauma, and yet it is necessary to speak about these events if we are to heal their rupture of history. But how can we tell these stories? What is the consequence of testifying to that horror? What is the effect of bearing witness to such testimony? In this collaborative work, Yale literary critic Shoshana Felman and psychoanalyst Dori Laub examine the nature and function of testimony, witnessing, and memory in relation to the Holocaust. Defining, for the first time, the uniquely devastating aspect of the Holocaust as a radical crisis of witnessing--the "unprecedented historical occurrence of...an event eliminating its own witness"--the authors examine the crisis of history and literature it has prompted. Through close analyses of major postwar literary texts, films, and documents--including Camus' novels, de Man's essays, the poetic projects of Celan and Pagis, videotaped archival testimonies, and Claude Lanzmann's film, Shoah --the authors explore the ways in which the traumatic consequences of the Holocaust continue to reverberate and evolve in contemporary art, politics, and culture. Felman and Laub draw on their personal experiences receiving survivors' accounts to present the first "theory of testimony": a radically new conception of the relationship between art and culture and the witnessing of historical events. Felman and Laub argue that in addition to the critical practice of the contextualization of the text, we must begin to textualize the context: to "read" the events of history and culture as part of literary and artistic production. Giving particular attention to the analysis of literary and artistic productions, the authors bring to light the crisis of literature as a consequence of the war. Felman provocatively compares the war-time and post-war writings of de Man and Camus, revealing a parallel transformation in the authors' works as each moves from an idealistic faith in his ability to bear witness to a radical disillusionment with language and the act of witnessing. Deftly avoiding the pitfalls of much current critical discourse, Felman and Laub subtly and persuasively employ critical literary and psychoanalytic theory to open new discursive spaces rather than to distance theory from experience. Appropriately, then, Testimony closes with an analysis of Claude Lanzmann's brilliant film, Shoah--a work, like Testimony itself, which liberates language and the witness through its self-conscious pursuit of the historically unspeakable and its retrieval of "the living voice."--Publisher description.
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Education and Crisis or the Vicissitudes of Teaching
Bearing Witness or the Vicissitudes of Listening
Camus The Plague or A Monument to Witnessing
Paul de Man and the Fall to Silence
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accident Albert Camus articulate Auschwitz bear witness become Benjamin black milk Camus Celan Chelmno Claude Lanzmann confession contemporary crisis crucial cultural dead dream effect Elie Wiesel event experience extermination fact Fall feel film French Freud gas vans German ghetto happened historian Holocaust Holocaust Testimonies human implications impossibility inside Interview Jewish Jews journalistic journey Karski knowledge language Lanzmann Le Soir listener literally literary literature living Mallarme Man's mean memory Moby-Dick narrative narrator Nazi occurrence once one's paradoxically past Paul Paul Celan philosophical Plague poem poetic poetry political possible precisely Psychoanalysis purloined Purloined Letter question radical Rambert reality referential resistance Rieux Rousseau Sartre says scene Second World War Shoah SHOSHANA FELMAN significance silence simply singing song speak speech Srebnik story suggest suicide survival survivor talk tell testify tion translation trauma Treblinka truth turn understand verse victims voice words writing
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