## Testing Scientific TheoriesMinnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible to scholars, students, researchers, and general readers. Rich with historical and cultural value, these works are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions. The books offered through Minnesota Archive Editions are produced in limited quantities according to customer demand and are available through select distribution partners. |

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### Contents

II The Bayesian Perspective and the Problem of Old Evidence | 67 |

III Evidence and Explanation | 163 |

IV Historical Case Studies | 177 |

V Some Alternative Views on Testing Theories | 267 |

VI Testing Particular Theories | 313 |

477 | |

481 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

aetiology Almagest analysis argued argument assign assumption astronomical atomic sentences Bayesian bootstrap bootstrapping computation Carnivora causal claim Clark Glymour clinical coherence computations condition conditional probability confirmation conjecture consequence Copernican Copernicus Copernicus's theory counterinstance degree of belief determine distribution earth empirical entails epicycle epistemic equations error estimate evolving probability model example experiment explain fact false fossil Fresnel's Freud given Glymour hypothesis H idealized implies inference instance interpretation Kepler longevity mathematical measure Meehl method motion Newton number of species observed old evidence orbits parameters patient phenomena Philosophy of Science physical planetary planets Poisson distribution Popper possible posterior probability prediction principle prior probability probability function problem of old procedure Proclus Proposition psychoanalytic Ptolemy quantities question rational realistic acceptance reason relative requires sandwich scientific statistical strategy sufficient statistics suppose testable theoretical Theory and Evidence tion true truth truth-functional University values variables